کدامیک از ابعاد سواد سلامت، اتخاذ رفتارهای پیشگیری کننده از مصرف سیگار را پیشگویی می کنند؟

رحمن پناهی, علی رمضانخانی, علی اصغر حائری مهریزی, محمود طاووسی, مانیا خلیلی دارستانی, شمس الدین نیک نامی

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چکیده

زمینه و اهداف: سواد سلامت با اتخاذ رفتارهای پیشگیری کننده ارتباط دارد. نظر به افزایش مصرف سیگار در دانشجویان، این مطالعه با هدف تعیین ابعاد تاثیرگذار سواد سلامت در پیشگویی اتخاذ رفتارهای پیشگیری کننده از مصرف سیگار در دانشجویان اجرا گردید

مواد و روشها: در یک مطالعه توصیفی – تحلیلی مقطعی، تعداد 280 نفر از دانشجویان خوابگاهی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی تهران، به روش نمونه گیری خوشهای یک مرحلهای انتخاب شدند. دادهها با استفاده از پرسشنامه سنجش سواد سلامت (HELIA) و پرسشنامه محقق ساخته روا و پایا جهت سنجش اتخاذ رفتارهای پیشگیری کننده از مصرف سیگار، گردآوری و با استفاده از نرم افزار SPSS نسخه 16 و با به کارگیری آمارهای توصیفی، ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و آزمون رگرسیون چندگانه، تحلیل شدند. تمامی مراحل مطالعه حاضر طبق موازین اخلاقی اجرا گردید

یافته ها: میانگین و انحراف معیار نمره اتخاذ رفتارهای پیشگیری کننده از مصرف سیگار 16/19±36/39  از 100 بود. دو بعد درک و دسترسی به اطلاعات سلامت، بیشترین میانگین نمره و دو بعد تصمیمگیری و کاربرد اطلاعات سلامت و خواندن، کمترین میانگین نمره را به خود اختصاص دادند. آزمون رگرسیون چندگانه نشان داد، ابعاد درک(017/0=P ،216/0=β)  و تصمیم گیری و کاربرد اطلاعات سلامت (001/0= P،324/0=β)، پیشگویی کننده اتخاذ رفتارهای پیشگیری کننده از مصرف سیگار بودند. این متغیرها در مجموع، قادر به پیش بینی1/23 درصد تغییرات رفتار بودند.

نتیجه گیری: براساس نتایج مطالعه در طراحی مداخلات آموزشی جهت پیشگیری از مصرف سیگار، باید به سواد سلامت و خصوصا ابعاد خواندن، درک و تصمیمگیری و کاربرد اطلاعات سلامت در مخاطبین، توجه ویژهای شود.

تمام متن:

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