تاثیر مداخلات درمانی - حمایتی بر تصویر بدن زنان مبتلا به سرطان پستان: مرور ساختاریافته

محمود موسی زاده, زینب حمزه گردشی, فروزان الیاسی, قاسم جان بابایی, مائده رضایی

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چکیده

زمینه و اهداف: مبتلایان به سرطان پستان دچار تصویر بدن منفی میشوند که بر ارتباط زناشویی تاثیر بسزایی دارد. مطالعات مرتبط متعددی وجود دارد که می توان با مطالعه ساختاریافته، از نتایج بهتر مطالعات مطلع شد، لذا هدف از مطالعه حاضر، تاثیر مداخلات درمانی - حمایتی بر تصویر بدن مبتلایان به سرطان پستان است.

مواد و روشها : مطالعه حاضر یک مطالعه ساختاریافته است. با استفاده از کلید واژههای مرتبط و استراتژی بولی، پایگاههای اطلاعاتی G oogle Schoolar ،Web Of Science ،s cience Direct، C ochrane library، P roQuest، Scopus، PubMed از سال 1990 تا 2016 در مدت تیر تا شهریور 1395 مورد جستجو قرار گرفت. پس از اعمال معیار ورود و خروج، در نهایت 9 مطالعه وارد و با استفاده از مقیاس Jadad مورد بررسی و ارزیابی کیفیت قرار گرفتند. این مطالعه با کد طرح 95.224 و کد اخلاق به شماره IR.MAZUMS.REC.95.S.122 در کمیته دانشجویی ثبت شد

یافته ها: از 9 مقاله، 6 مطالعه از نوع نیمه تجربی، 3 مطالعه کارآزمایی بالینی بود. نتایج 5 مطالعه نشان داد، مداخله سبب بهبود تصویر بدن بیماران شد. در مطالعه حاضر نتایج به دو طبقه پیامد اولیه  )تاثیر مداخلات بر تصویر بدن ( و پیامد ثانویه )سن بیماران، ابزار سنجش، طول مدت پیگیری و مداخلات) سازماندهی گردید. ارزیابی مطالعات نشان داد روش ها نیاز نقطه قوت مقالات؛ شرح اهداف مطالعه، توضیح نتایج، معیار ورود - خروج و ضعف مطالعات در شرح کورسازی و ریزش نمونه ها بوده است

نتیجه گیری: با توجه به اختلاف نظر بین مطالعات، مطالعه بیشتری با کارآمدترین روشها نیاز می باشد

کلید واژه ها: سرطان پستان، تصویر بدن، مداخلات درمانی حمایتی

موضوع

"سرطان پستان"، "تصویر بدن"، "مداخلات درمانی – حمایتی"

تمام متن:

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