Cerebral Toxoplasmosis in an HIV-Negative Patient: A Case Report

Zahra Arab-Mazar, Mohammad Hossein Zamanian, Davood Yadegarynia

Abstract


191

Introduction: Toxoplasmosis is caused by infection with the obligate intracellular parasite Toxoplasma gondii. Toxoplasmosis is generally a late complication of HIV infection and usually occurs in patients with CD4+ T-cell counts below 200 cells/ìL.
Case Presentation: A case of cerebral toxoplasmosis is reported in a healthy 39-year-old woman who was admitted to hospital with the complaint of a headache. Gadolinium-enhanced brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed an irregular, ring enhancing, hyperintense lesion in the right temporoparietal lobe. Toxoplasma serology revealed raised IgG antibody levels. Based on the MRI features, biopsy, and serology, a diagnosis of cerebral toxoplasmosis was made.
Conclusions: Cerebral toxoplasmosis can occur outside the setting of advanced HIV immunodeficiency or drug-induced immunosuppression. This highlights the fact that it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of opportunistic infections in HIV-negative patients.

Keywords


Cerebral Toxoplasmosis, Non-HIV Patient, Headache

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