Breast Cancer Risk Reduction by Parity and Breastfeeding, Islamic Perspective; A Case Control Study

A Akbari--- Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Cancer Research Center, Tehran, Iran,
AR Hadi--- Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Cancer Research Center, Tehran, Iran,
A Akhavan Tabib--- Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Cancer Research Center, Tehran, Iran,
AR Majd--- Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Cancer Research Center, Tehran, Iran,
Z Razaghi--- Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Cancer Research Center, Tehran, Iran,
MM Esfahani--- Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Cancer Research Center, Tehran, Iran,
Mohammad Esmaeil Akbari--- Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Cancer Research Center, Tehran, Iran

Abstract


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Background: In some verses in Holy Quran; 233 surat Al-Baghare , 15 Al-Ahghaf , 14 Loghman and 6 Al-Talagh, breastfeeding, gravidity, and parity recommended to the parents and expected their children to be accountable to the parents; particularly to mothers due to tolerate of pregnancy and breastfeeding duration.

Methods: The case-control study included 376 patients diagnosed between      2001- 2006 and control group were 425 people. Two groups matched by demographic variants and socioeconomic status. The data inserted into SPSS -16. Logistic regression models used to examine the relations of the breast cancer risk with reproductive factors. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals computed as measures of association from the logistic models. All p-values reported            two –sided.

Results: The Cases were more likely to be non pregnant. The parous women had a lower risk than nulliparous. The number of children reduced the risk of breast cancer; however it was significant only for 1-3 parities. The breastfeeding results showed it was significantly protective against breast cancer comparison with never breastfeeding. The breastfeeding trend was significantly protective against breast cancer.

Discussion: The parity and breastfeeding were effective in reduction of breast cancer risk. The results confirmed the recommendations of the Holly Quran and the messengers of Allah that parity and breastfeeding, (Eighteen to twenty four months for a child) have the best protective effect against breast cancer.

Key Words: Holy Quran; Parity; Breast feeding; Breast cancer

References

1. Translated in English by: Sayyid Ali Quli Qarai, verse 233, Surat Al Baghara, Holy Quran.

2. Translated in English by: Sayyid Ali Quli Qarai, verse15, Surat Al Ahghaf, Holy Quran.

3. Translated in English by: Sayyid Ali Quli Qarai, verse14, Surat Al Loghman, Holy Quran.

4. Translated in English by: Sayyid Ali Quli Qarai, verse6, Surat al Al Talagh, Holy Quran.

5. Translated by Ahmadian E. Nahjolfasahah. The words of Mohammad (peace be upon him), No 534:105.

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Keywords


Holy Quran; Parity; Breast feeding; Breast cancer

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