Midazolam Efficacy and Side Effects in Generalized and Partial Refractory Status Epilepticus in Children

M.R. Salehi Omran, M.R. Edraki

Abstract


303

Objective

Midazolam is a significant and effective drug for control of a life-threatening condition, generalized and partial refractory convulsive status epilepticus. The goal of this study was evaluation of midazolam efficacy for management of this serious disease and its two side effects, hypotension and respiratory failure.

Materials & Methods

Our study was done using a quasi experimental method; 22 children with generalized refractory convulsive status epilepticus and 13 with partial refractory convulsive status epilepticus were enrolled for the study. All patients received 0.2mg/kg/dose as a bolus intravenous midazolam followed by 1-6 mcg/kg/min continuous intravenous midazolam. Following this, termination of seizures as well as hypotension and respiratory failure were evaluated.

Results

Midazolam ceased stop convulsions in 81.81% (18) patients with generalized seizures, and in 76.92% (10) patients with partial seizures, showing no significant difference between these two types of seizures (p=0.52) Hypotension was induced in 18.18% (4) patients with generalized seizures and in 30.70% (4) patients with partial seizures, again difference not significant (p=0.14). There was respiratory failure in 21.73% (5) patients with generalized seizure and in 7.69% (1) patients with partial seizure, difference not significant.(p=0.09)

Conclusion

There was no significant difference in efficacy and creation of hypotension and respiratory failure after continuous intravenous infusion of midazolam between generalized and partial refractory convulsive status epilepticus.

 


Keywords


Midazolam, Refractory convulsive status epilepticus, Convulsive status epilepticus.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/ijcn.v3i1.989

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