Cerebral Palsy in 1-12 Year Old Children in Southern Iran




How to Cite This Article: Inaloo S, Katibeh P, Ghasemof M. Cerebral Palsy in 1-12 Year Old Children in Southern Iran. Iran J Child Neurol. Winter 2016; 10(1):35-41.



Cerebral palsy (CP) is a non-progressive CNS disorder due to an insult to the growing brain, usually occurring in the first two years of life. During the recent years, its etiology has been changed; perinatal and postnatal insults are not considered as its main causes in developed countries any more. The aim of this study was to evaluate the causes of CP in children in southern Iran.

Materials & Methods

Overall, 200 children with CP aged 1-12 yr old referring to Pediatric Neurology Clinic affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran between 2012 and 2013 were enrolled. In addition, 200 healthy age and sex-matched children were considered as the control group. Exclusion criteria were isolated movement disorders with no other evidence of CP, progressive neurologic disorders, metabolic disorders, and incomplete or uncertain past history. After collecting the data on pregnancy period, prenatal history and past medical problems, they were analyzed with appropriate statistical methods.


Maternal age, medical problems during pregnancy period, route of delivery, head circumference at birth, neonatal admission, neonatal jaundice, and prematurity were the main risk factors for CP.


The distribution of risk factors of CP is different from that of developed countries in our region. Pre- and peri-natal etiologies are still among the common causes of CP in Iran.


Cerebral palsy; Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy; Risk factors; Iran

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/ijcn.v10i1.8728


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