Cerebral Palsy in 1-12 Year Old Children in Southern Iran

Soroor INALOO, Pegah KATIBEH, Masroor GHASEMOF

Abstract


306

How to Cite This Article: Inaloo S, Katibeh P, Ghasemof M. Cerebral Palsy in 1-12 Year Old Children in Southern Iran. Iran J Child Neurol. Winter 2016; 10(1):35-41.

Abstract

Objective

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a non-progressive CNS disorder due to an insult to the growing brain, usually occurring in the first two years of life. During the recent years, its etiology has been changed; perinatal and postnatal insults are not considered as its main causes in developed countries any more. The aim of this study was to evaluate the causes of CP in children in southern Iran.

Materials & Methods

Overall, 200 children with CP aged 1-12 yr old referring to Pediatric Neurology Clinic affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran between 2012 and 2013 were enrolled. In addition, 200 healthy age and sex-matched children were considered as the control group. Exclusion criteria were isolated movement disorders with no other evidence of CP, progressive neurologic disorders, metabolic disorders, and incomplete or uncertain past history. After collecting the data on pregnancy period, prenatal history and past medical problems, they were analyzed with appropriate statistical methods.

Results

Maternal age, medical problems during pregnancy period, route of delivery, head circumference at birth, neonatal admission, neonatal jaundice, and prematurity were the main risk factors for CP.

Discussion

The distribution of risk factors of CP is different from that of developed countries in our region. Pre- and peri-natal etiologies are still among the common causes of CP in Iran.


Keywords


Cerebral palsy; Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy; Risk factors; Iran

Full Text:

PDF

187

References


Rosen Baum P, Dan B, Leviton A, Paneth N, Jacobsson BO, Goldstein M, Bax M. Proposed definition and classification of cerebral palsy. Develop Med Child Neurol 2005; 47(8): 571-576.

Jacobsson B, Hagberg G. Antenatal risk factors for cerebral palsy. Antenatal risk factors for cerebral palsy. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 2004;18(3):425-436.

Ycargin- Allsopp M, VanNaarden Barun K, Doembeng N, et al. Prevalence of cerebral palsy in 8 years old children in three areas of united States in 2002: a multisite collaboration. Pediatrics 2008; 121(3): 547-554.

Stromberg B, Dahlquist G, Ericson A, et al. Neurological sequelae in children born after invitro fertilization: a population based study. Lancet 2007; 359(93.3): 461-465.

Hermansen MC. Perinatal causes of cerebral palsy. Clin Perinatol 2006; 33(2): 315-333.

Reddihough DS and Collins KJ. The epidemiology and causes of cerebral palsy. Aust J Physiother 2003; 49 (1):7-12.

Nazir B, Asghar Butt M, Ayesha H, Shawoon M, Sheikh S, Tarig BM. Relationship of type of cerebral palsy with the etiology. Professio Med J 2006;13 (1): 133-134.

Ozturk A, Dewirci F, Yavaz T, Yeldiz S, Degirmenci Y, Dosuglu M, Avsar Y.Antenatal and delivery risk factors and prevalence of cerebral palsy in Duzce (Turkey). Brain dev 2007; 29 (1): 39-42.

WHO/Iran (Islamic Republic of):health profile: http:// http://www.who.int/gho/countries/irn.pdf (Accessed at Jun 10, 2007)

Soleimani F, Vameghi R, Hemmati S, Salman Roghani R. Perinatal and neonatal risk factors for neurodevelopmental outcome in infants in Karaj. Arch Iran Med 2009; 12(2): 135-9.

Soleimani F, Vameghi R, Biglarian A, Daneshmandan N. Risk Factors Associated with Cerebral Palsy in Children Born in Eastern and Northern Districts of Tehran. IRCMJ 2010; 12: 428 –33.

Soleimani F, Vameghi R, Biglarian A. Antenatal and Intrapartum Risk Factors for Cerebral Palsy in Term and Near-term Newborns. Arch Iran Med 2013; 16(4): 213- 6.

Hagberg B, Hagberg G, Beckung E, Uvebrant P.Changing panorama of cerebral palsy in Sweden. Prevalence and origin in the birth year period 1991-94. Acta Paediatirca 2001; 90 (3): 271-277.

Pharoh PO. Prevalence and pathogenesis of congenital anomalies in cerebral palsy. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2007; 92: F489-F493.

Coren LA, Grether JK, Currj CJ, Nelson KB. Congenital abnormalities among children with cerebral palsy: more evidence of prenatal antecedents. J Pediatr 2001; 138: 804-810.

Master D. Wilcox AJ, Vollset SE, Markestad T, Lie RT. Cerebral palsy among term and post-term birth. JAMA 2010; 304 (9): 976-982.

Bialic GM, Givon U. Cerebral palsy classification and etiology. Acta Orthop traumatol Turc 2009; 43 (2): 77-80

Liptak GS, Accardio PJ. Health and social outcomes of children with cerebral palsy. J Pediatr 2004; 145: 835- 841.

Kulak W, Sobaniec W. Risk factors and prognosis of epilepsy in children withcerebral palsy in north eastern Poland. Brain Dev 2003; 25 (7): 499-506.

Pharoah P, Cooke T, Johnson MA, King R, Mutch L. Epidemiology of cerebral palsy in England and Scotland,1984-9. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 1998; 79 (1):F21-25.

Inaloo S, Katibeh P. An epidemiologic study of 389 children with epilepsy in southern Iran. Iran J Child Neurol 2011;5(4):15-20.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/ijcn.v10i1.8728

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2015 Iranian Journal of Child Neurology