IQ Score of Children with Persistent or Perennial Allergic Rhinitis: A Comparison with Healthy Children

Javad GHAFFARI--- 1. Allergy & Clinical Immunology Department, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran,
Ali ABBASKHANIAN--- 2. Department of Pediatric Neurolog, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran,
Masumeh JALILI--- 3. Masters in Psychology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran,
Jamshid YAZDANI CHARATI--- 4. Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Science, Sari, Iran

Abstract


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How to Cite This Article: Ghaffari J, Abbaskhanian A, Jalili M, Yazdani Charati Y. IQ Score of Children With Persistent or Perennial Allergic Rhinitis: Comparison with Healthy Children. Iran J Child Neurol. 2014 Summer; 8(3): 44-48.

 

Abstract
Objective
Prevalence of allergies is different around the world. Allergic rhinitis is a common chronic disease in children.
Intelligence quotient (IQ) is an indicator of efficacy and many factors including chronic diseases may affect it. This study compares the IQs of children diagnosed with persistent or perennial allergic rhinitis with healthy children.


Material & Methods
This was a comparative study that was conducted from June 2011–May 2013 in an academic referral clinic. In this study, 90 patients aged 6- to 14-yearsold who were diagnosed with persistent or perennial allergic rhinitis and were compared to 90 age and gender match healthy patients from their respective families. The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for hildren was used to divide and calculate overall IQ, verbal IQ, and practical IQ. The t-test and chi square were used to analyze quantitative variables and qualitative variables, respectively.

Results 

In this study, out of total 180 children, 90 (50%) in the case group and 90 children (50%), the control group participated for IQ comparison. One hundred (57%) were male and 80 (43%) were female. The overall IQ for allergic rhinitis patients and healthy patients was 109.2 and 107.5, respectively. This difference was not considered significant. Furthermore, there was no significant difference between the IQ scores of males and females.


Conclusion
Although allergic rhinitis is a chronic disease and effects quality of life, there were no identifiable negative effects on IQ. 

 

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Keywords


Intelligence Quotient; Children; Allergic Rhinitis; Prevalence

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22037/ijcn.v8i3.5198

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