A Rare presentation of neurobrucellosis in a child with Recurrent transient ischemic attacks and pseudotumor cerebri (A case report and review of literature)




How to Cite This Article: Akhondian J, Ashrafzadeh F, Beiraghi Toosi M, Hashemi N. A Rare Presentation of Neurobrucellosis in A Child with Recurrent Transient Ischemic Attacks and Pseudotumor Cerebri (A Case Report and Review of Literature). Iran J Child Neurol. 2014 Spring; 8(2):65-69.


Brucellosis is a multi-system infectious disease that presents with various manifestations and complications. Neurobrucellosis is an uncommon but serious presentation of brucellosis that can be seen in all stages of the disease. High
index of suspicion, especially in endemic areas is essential to prevent morbidity from this disease.
The case was an 11- year -old female patient who was admitted with a severe headache that was worsening over a period of 2 months. The day after each attack, she experienced transient right hemiparesia that was lasting less than one hour (TIA) as well as blurred vision and bilateral papilledema. Laboratory findings revealed serum agglutination Wright test positive at 1/320 and 2ME test positive at 1/160. A lumbar puncture showed a clear CSF with increased opening pressure (32 cmH2O), CSF examination was within normal range (pseudotumor cerebri).To our knowledge, there has been no report for recurrent TIA in pediatric neurobrucellosis in the base of pseudotumor cerebri.
In endemic areas like Iran, unexplained neurological signs or symptoms should be evaluated for brucellosis.



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Neurobrucellosis; Transient ischemic attack; Pediatric; Pseudotumor cerebri.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/ijcn.v8i2.4360


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