Zinc Status in Febrile Seizure: A Case-Control Study

MohammadReza SALEHIOMRAN, Masumeh Masoumeh MAHZARI

Abstract


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How to Cite This Article: Salehiomran MR, Mahzari M. Zinc Status in Febrile Seizure: A Case-Control Study. Iran J Child Neurol. 2013 Autumn; 7(4):20-23.

Objective
Febrile seizure is the most common type of seizure in children. Their incidence is 2-5%. There are different hypotheses about relationship between neurotransmitters and trace elements (such as zinc) and febrile seizure. Zinc, as
a major element of some enzymes, plays an important role in the central nervous system (CNS) and can affect some inhibitory mechanisms of CNS. The aim of the present study was to determine whether there were any changes in serum
zinc level in children with febrile seizure in comparison with febrile children without seizure.


Materials & Methods
This case-control study was performed on 100 patients aged 6 months to 6 years.
This study was conducted between January and August 2012, on 50 children with febrile seizures (case) and 50 febrile children without seizures (control), that were referred to Amirkola Children Hospital (a referral hospital in the north
of Iran). Two groups were matched for age and sex. The serum zinc levels in the both groups were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry method.


Results
The mean serum zinc level was 0.585±0.166 mg/L and 0.704±0.179 mg/L in the case group and the control group, respectively (p=0.001). The mean serum zinc level was significantly lower in the febrile seizure group compared to the
control groups. 

 

Conclusion
Our findings revealed that serum zinc level was significantly lower in children with simple febrile seizure in comparison with febrile children without seizure. 

It can emphasize the hypothesis that there is a relation between serum zinc level and febrile seizure in children.

 

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Keywords


Seizures; Febrile; Zinc

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/ijcn.v7i4.4033

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