Febrile Seizure: Demographic Features and Causative Factors

Hamed ESMAILI GOURABI, Elham BIDABADI, Fatemeh CHERAGHALIPOUR, Yasaman AARABI, Fatemeh SALAMAT

Abstract


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How to cite this article: Esmaili Gourabi H, Bidabadi E, Cheraghalipour  F, Aarabi  Y, Salamat F. Febrile Seizure: Demographic Features and Causative Factors. Iran J Child Neurol Autumn 2012; 6(4):33-37.

Abstract

Objective

Because of geographical and periodical variation, we prompted to determine the demographic features and causative factors for febrile seizure in Rasht.

Materials & Methods

In this cross-sectional study, all 6–month- to 6-year-old children with the diagnosis of febrile seizure admitted to 17 Shahrivar hospital in Rasht, from August, 2009 to August, 2010 were studied. Age, sex, family history of the disease, seizure types, body temperature upon admission and infectious causes of the fever were recorded. All statistical analysis was performed with SPSS software, version 16.

Results

Of the 214 children (mean age, 25.24±15.40 months), 124 were boys and 109 had a positive family history. Complex seizures were seen in 39 cases. In patients with a complex febrile seizure, 59% had the repetitive type, 20.5% had the focal type and 20.5% had more than 15 minutes duration of seizures. Most of the repetitive seizures (78.3%) occurred in patients under 2 years old; the difference between under and over 2-year-old patients was statistically significant (P=0.02). Study results did not show significant differences between the two genders for simple or complex seizures. The mean body temperature upon admission was 38.2±1.32◦C (38.31±0.82 degrees in boys and 38.04±1.78 in girls). Upper respiratory infections were seen in most patients (74.29%). All cases of lower respiratory infections were boys. There was a statistically significant difference between boys and girls in causes of fever.

Conclusion

Most of the children had a positive family history and the most common causative factor was upper respiratory infection.

 

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Keywords


Febrile seizure; Children; Respiratory tract infections

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/ijcn.v6i4.3919

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