A novel deletion mutation in ASPM gene in an Iranian family with autosomal recessive primary microcephaly

Elinaz AKBARIAZAR, Mohammad Reza EBRAHIMPOUR, Saeedeh AKBARI, Sanaz ARZHANGHI, Seydeh Sedigheh ABEDINI, Hossein NAJMABADI, Kimia KAHRIZI

Abstract


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How to Cite This Article: Akbarizar E, Ebrahimpour M, Akbari S, Arzhanghi S, Abedini SS, Najmabadi H, Kahrizi K. A Novel Deletion Mutation in ASPM Gene in an Iranian Family with Autosomal Recessive Primary Microcephaly. Iran J Child Neurol.  2013 Spring;7(2):23-30.

 

Objective
Autosomal recessive primary microcephaly (MCPH) is a neurodevelopmental and genetically heterogeneous disorder with decreased head circumference due to the abnormality in fetal brain growth. To date, nine loci and nine genes responsible for the situation have been identified. Mutations in the ASPM gene (MCPH5) is the most common cause of MCPH. The ASPM gene with 28 exons is essential for normal mitotic spindle function in embryonic neuroblasts.


Materials & Methods
We have ascertained twenty-two consanguineous families with
intellectual disability and different ethnic backgrounds from Iran. Ten out of twenty-two families showed primary microcephaly in clinical examination. We investigated MCPH5 locus using homozygosity mapping by microsatellite marker.

Result
Sequence analysis of exon 8 revealed a deletion of nucleotide (T) in donor site of splicing site of ASPM in one family. The remaining nine families were not linked to any of the known loci. More investigation will be needed to detect the causative defect in these families.

Conlusion
We detected a novel mutation in the donor splicing site of exon 8 of the ASPM gene. This deletion mutation can alter the ASPM transcript leading to functional impairment of the gene product.

 

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Keywords


Autosomal Recessive Primary Microcephaly; ASPM; MCPH5; Homozygosity Mapping

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/ijcn.v7i2.3840

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