Evaluation of Central Auditory Processing of Azeri-Persian Bilinguals Using Dichotic

Jamileh Fatahi, Ali Akbar Tahaei, Hassan Ashayeri, Ghassem Mohammadkhani, Shohreh Jalaie

Abstract


14

 Objectives: Sometimes there is no hearing impairment, but it is possible to have an auditory disorder. This is known as a central auditory processing disorder (CAPD). Verbal dichotic tasks are useful tools to evaluate CAPD, but there is almost no tool to assess this for Azeri people in their native language. The aim of this study is to evaluate central auditory processing of Azeri participants by Azeri dichotic digit test (ADDT).

Materials & Methods: Participants were 52 normal Iranian Azeri students (mean age 23.27± 4.71 ; 26 female, 26 male).They were chosen by convenient sampling. ADDT was constructed and administered in free recall format along with a Persian dichotic digit test (PDDT). After two to four weeks, reliability was performed.

 

Results: The mean of the right ear score of PDDT and ADDT were 98.90 and 99.09 percent, respectively. ADDT was reliable in almost all scores. There was no significant difference in performance between men and women in any score of both tests (p>0.05). The results showed a significant difference between both ears’ scores in PDDT (p<0.02) as well as in ADDT (p=0.00). The right ear advantage were seen in both tests.

 

Conclusions: All participants performed significantly better on numbers presented in the right ear than the left ear in both tests. Central auditory processing of Azeri participants for Azeri is similar to that for Persian.

 


Keywords


Bilinguals; Central auditory processing; Dichotic digit test; Reliability; Right ear advantage

Full Text:

PDF79

155

References


Refrences:

- Elliott EM, Bhagat SP, Lynn SD. Can children with (central) auditory processing disorders ignore irrelevant sounds? Res Dev Disabil. 2007; 28 (5):506-17.

- Geffner, D. Central auditory processing disorders: Definition,description and behavior. In D Geffener & D Ross-Swain (eds). Auditory processing Disorders: Assessment, Management and Treatment. 2007; San Diego: Plural Publishing, 25-48

- Katz J. "Classification of auditory processing disorders". In Jack Katz and Nancy Austin Stecker and Donald Henderson. Central auditory processing: a transdisciplinary view. 1992; St. Louis: Mosby Year Book. pp. 81–92.

- Moore, David R. Auditory processing disorder (APD): Definition, diagnosis, neural basis, and intervention. Audiological Medicine.2006; 4 (1): 4–11.

- Broadbent DE. The role of auditory localization in attention and memory span. J. Exp. Psychol. 1954 Mar; 47 (3):191.

- Musiek FE. Assessment of central auditory dysfunction: the dichotic digit test revisited. Ear and Hearing. 1983 Mar 1; 4 (2):79-83.

- Kimura D. Cerebral dominance and the perception of verbal stimuli. Canadian Journal of Psychology/Revue canadienne de psychologie. 1961; 15(3):166.

- Kimura D. Some effects of temporal-lobe damage on auditory perception. Can J Psychol. 1961 Sep; 15:156–165.

- Musiek FE, Chermak GD. Handbook of Central Auditory Processing Disorder. Vol 1: Auditory Neuroscience and Diagnosis. San Diego: Plural Publishing; 2013: 211 p.682

- Jutras B, Mayer D, Joannette E, Carrier ME, Chénard G. Assessing the development of binaural integration ability with the French dichotic digit test: Ecoute Dichotique de Chiffres. Am J Audiol. 2012; 21(1):51-9.

- Mukari SZ, Keith RW, Tharpe AM, Johnson CD. Development and standardization of single and double dichotic digit tests in the Malay language. Int J Audiol. 2006; 45(6):344-52.

- Shahmir B, Hajiabolhassan F, Mohammadkhani G, Tahaei AA, Jalaie S. Development and evaluation of the reliability of Persian version of double dichotic digit test in girls aged 7 to 11 years. Aud Vest Res. 2015; 24(3):164-70.

- Tucker GR, A Global Perspective on Bilingualism and Bilingual Education, 1999; Carnegie Mellon University

- Harley T. A. The Psychology of Language: From Data to Theory. 4th ed. London: Psychology press; 2013: 153-154.

- Kormi Nouri R, Shojaei R, Moniri S, Gholami A, Moradi A, Akbari Zardkhaneh S, et al. The effect of childhood bilingualism on episodic and semantic memory tasks, Scand J Psychol 2008; 49(2):93-109.

- Strouse A, Wilson RH. Recognition of one-, two-, and three-pair dichotic digits under free and directed recall. JAAA. 1999 Nov1; 10:557-71.

- Rajabpur E, Hajiablohasan F, Tahai SA, Jalaie S. Development of the Persian single dichotic digit test and its reliability in 7-9 year old male students. Audiol. 2014; 23(5):68-77.

- Nejati V, Alipour F, Karimi LJ, Esfandiari L. Persian version of the dichotic digit test for children: design and evaluation of the psychometric properties. Aud Vest Res. 2016 May 21; 25(1):55-62.

- Mahdavi ME, Aghazadeh J, Tahaei SA, Heiran F, Akbarzadeh Baghban A. Persian randomized dichotic digits test: Development and dichotic listening performance in young adults. Audiol. 2015 Feb 15; 23(6):99-113.

- Rahbar N, Zarandy MM, Ashayeri H, Bakhtiari BM, Kamali M. The effect of mild to moderate hearing impairment on Persian dichotic digit test in young children. Aud Vest Res. 2015 Dec 27; 25 (1):1-6.

- Amiriani F, Kamali M. Comparative evaluation of auditory attention in 7 to 9 year old learning disabled students. Audiol. 2011 Mar 15; 20(1):54-63.

- Mansoori N, Tahaei SA, Jafari Z, Kamali M. The auditory attention status in Iranian bilingual and monolingual people. Audiol. 2013 Jul 15; 22(2):40-6.

- Bagherzadeh F, Lotfi Y, Bakhshi E, Rezapour M. A Comparison between functional asymmetry of cerebral hemispheres in dichotic listening musician and non-musician elderlies. J Rehab Med. 2016 May 7.

- Ghasemi M, Hassanzadeh S, Shokoohi-Yekta M, Afrooz G, Tahaei AA, Farzad V. The effectiveness of central auditory processing rehabilitation program on speech reception in noise and dichotic listening in dyslexic students. Aud Vest Res. 2016 Nov 8; 25 (3):183-93.

- Lotfi Y, Moosavi A, Abdollahi FZ, Bakhshi E, Sadjedi H. Effects of an Auditory Lateralization Training in Children Suspected to Central Auditory Processing Disorder. J Audiol Otol. 2016 Sep 1; 20 (2):102-8.

- Schlauch RS, Nelson P. Putetone Evaluation. In: Katz J, Medwestsky L, Brukard R, Hood L (editors). Hand book of clinical audiology. 6th ed. Lippincott: Williams & Wilkin; 2009:29-47.

- McArdle R, Hnath-Chisolm T. Speech audiometry. Katz J, Medwestsky L, Brukard R, Hood L (editors). Hand book of clinical audiology. 6th ed. Lippincott: Williams & Wilkin; 2009:61-75.

- Guenette LA. How to administer the Dichotic Digit Test. The Hearing Journal. 2006; 59(2):50.

- Onoda RM, Pereira LD, Guilherme A. Temporal processing and dichotic listening in bilingual and non-bilingual descendants. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2006; 72(6):737-46.

- Keith RW. Development and Standardization of SCAN-A: Test of auditory processing disorders in adolescents and adults. J Am Acad Audiol. 1995; 6(4):286-92.

- Voyer D, Flight J. Gender differences in laterality on a dichotic task: the influence of report strategies. Cortex 2001; 37(3):345-62.

- Hugdahl K., Davidson R.J. The Asymmetrical Brain. 1st ed. Massachusetts: The MIT Press; 2004: 453.

- Shinn JB, Baran JA, Moncrieff DW, Musiek FE. Differential attention effects on dichotic listening. J Am Acad Audiol. 2005; 16(4):205-18.

- Ocklenburg S, Hirnstein M, Ohmann HA, Hausmann M. Mental rotation does not account for sex differences in left–right confusion. Brain Cogn. 2011 Jun 30; 76(1):166-71.

- Merrill H, Marilyann M. The sex difference in dichotic listening: multiple negative findings. Neuropsychologia; 1985: 23(3):441-444.

- Ip KF, Hoosain R (1993) Dichotic listening of Chinese and English words. Psychologia. 36(3)140-143.

- Soares C. Left-hemisphere language lateralization in bilinguals: Use of the concurrent activities paradigm. Brain and Language. 1984 Sep 30; 23(1):86-96

- Albanèse JF. Language lateralization in English-French bilinguals. Brain and Language. 1985 Mar 31; 24(2):284-96.

- Ke, C, Dichotic listening with Chinese and English tasks. J Psycholinguist Res. 1992; 21, 463–471.

- Fabbro, F., Gran, B., & Gran, L. Hemispheric specialisation for semantic and syntactic components of language in simultaneous interpreters. Brain and Language. 1991; 41(1), 1-42.

- Proverbio AM, Leoni G, Zani A, Language switching mechanisms insimultaneous interpreters: an ERP study. Neuropsychologia. 2004; 42(12):1636-56.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/ijcn.v13i1.16284

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Iranian Journal of Child Neurology