Perception of Musical Emotion in the Students with Congenital and Acquired Hearing Loss

malihah mazaheryazdi--- Department of audiology ,Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
Mina Aghasoleimani--- MS student of audiology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
Mayam Karimi--- MS student of audiology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
Pirooz arjmand--- PHD on Ethnomusicology , Faculty members of the Iranian People Culture Encyclopedia

Abstract


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Objective

Hearing loss can affect the perception of emotional reaction to the music.
The present study investigated whether the students with congenital hearing
loss exposed to the deaf culture, percept the same emotion from the music
as students with acquired hearing loss.
Materials & Methods
Participants were divided into two groups; 30 students with bilaterally
congenital moderate to severe hearing loss that were selected from deaf
schools located in Tehran, Iran and 30 students with an acquired hearing
loss with the same degree of hearing loss selected from Amiralam Hospital,
Tehran, Iran and compared with the group of 30 age and gender-matched
normal hearing subjects served our control in 2012. The musical stimuli
consisted of three different sequences of music, (sadness, happiness, and
fear) each with the duration of 60 sec. The students were asked to point to
the lists of words that best matched with their emotions.
Results
Emotional perception of sadness, happiness, and fear in congenital hearing
loss children was significantly poorly than acquired hearing loss and
normal hearing group (P<0.001). There was no significant difference in
the emotional perception of sadness, happiness, and fear among the group
of acquired hearing loss and normal hearing group (P=0.75), (P=1) and
(P=0.16) respectively.
Conclusion
Neural plasticity induced by hearing assistant devises may be affected
by the time when a hearing aid was first fitted and how the auditory
system responds to the reintroduction of certain sounds via amplification.
Therefore, children who experienced auditory input of different sound
patterns in their early childhood will show more perceptual flexibility in
different situations than the children with congenital hearing loss and Deaf
culture


Keywords


Deafness , Children , Acquired hearing loss , Emotion , Music

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22037/ijcn.v12i2.14598

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