Perception of musical emotion in the students with congenital and acquired hearing loss

malihah mazaheryazdi--- Department of audiology ,Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
Mina Aghasoleimani--- MS student of audiology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
Mayam Karimi--- MS student of audiology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
Pirooz arjmand--- PHD on Ethnomusicology , Faculty members of the Iranian People Culture Encyclopedia




Hearing loss can affect the perception of emotional reaction to the music .The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether the students with congenital hearing loss who were exposed to the deaf culture , percept the same emotion from the music as students with acquired hearing loss.

Materials and Methods:

The study participants were 60 students that were devided in two groups . The first group of 30 student with bilaterally congenital moderate to severe hearing loss and the second group were 30 student with an acquired hearing loss with the same degree of hearing loss that compared with the group of 30 age and gender matched normal hearing subjects served our control . The musical stimuli used in this study consisted of three different sequences of music, ( sadness , happiness and fear ) each with the duration of 60 seconds .The student were asked to point to the lists of words that best matched with their emotions.


Emotional perception of sadness , happiness and fear in congenital hearing loss children was significantly poorly than acquired hearing loss and normal hearing group ( P <0.001 ). There was no significant difference in the emotional perception of sadness , happiness and fear between the group of acquired hearing loss and normal hearing group ( P = 0.75) , ( p =1 ) and ( P = 0.16 ) respectively .


Neural plasticity that have been induced by hearing assistant devises , may be affected by the time when a hearing aid was firs fitted and how the auditory system respond to the reintroduction of certain sounds via amplification .So it seems that children who experienced auditory input of different sound patterns in their early childhood , will show more perceptual flexibility in different situations than  the children with congenital hearing loss and Deaf culture


Deafness , Children , Acquired hearing loss , Emotion , Music

Full Text:




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