risk factors of Febrile Status Epilepticus

Reza Sharafi, Afagh Hassanzadeh rad, Vahid Aminzadeh



Objective: we aimed to investigate risk factors of FSE in children.

Materials and methods: This is an analytic case control study which was conducted on all patients  records with first FS admitted to 17 shahrivar hospital during 2007-2014, Rasht. cases were children aged 6 to 60 months with febrile status epilepticus and controls were children with complex and simple febrile seizures. Data were gathered by a checklist including age, sex, type of milk consuming during first year, temperature, the interval  between fever and seizure, family history of epilepsy and febrile seizure, and prematurity.  Data were reported by descriptive statistics (number, percent, mean, standard deviation) and analyzed by chi square in SPSS 19.

Results: In this study, 756 patients with FS participated including 39 patients with FSE, 194 complex febrile seizure (CFC) and 523 simple febrile seizure(SFC).Most of the patients (57.8%) experienced seizure with low grade fever (<39 c).

 The mean age in SFC group was significantly higher than FSE patients. Significant relation was noted between groups regarding body temperature during seizure (p=0.006), family history of febrile seizure (0.029), family history of epilepsy (p=0.042) and the premature birth (p=0.023)

Significant relation was noted between FSE and CFC groups regarding body temperature during seizure (p=0.004), family history of febrile seizure (0.011), family history of epilepsy (p=0.037), and the premature birth (p=0.025) between FSE and CFC groups.

In Conclusion: According to results, It seems that further investigation which assess these factors can be recommended.


febrile status epilepticus, children, epilepsy, risk factor

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/ijcn.v13i1.12099


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