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The Effect of Orthodontic Forces on Tooth Response to Electric Pulp Test

Jalil Modaresi, Hosein Aghili, Omid Dianat, Farnaz Younessian, Faranak Mahjour
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Abstract

Introduction: The current study investigated the pulp response to electric pulp testing (EPT), before, upon initiation and one month after the start of orthodontic tooth movement. Methods and Materials: A total of 402 anterior teeth from 39 patients (mean age of 16.8±2.7 years) were examined in this non-controlled prospective study. The aligning forces were administered using initial NiTi archwires ligated on fixed appliances by using the MBT straight wire technique. The electrical stimulation was provided by the EPT. The EPT readings were recorded at three time points: before bonding (EPT0), immediately upon initiation (EPT1) and 1 month post-treatment (EPT2). The data were statistically analyzed by the ANOVA and Bonferroni tests (P<0.05). Results: Prior to bonding of the orthodontic brackets, the mean EPT value for all the experimental teeth was 3.42 EPT units. Upon initiation, the mean value of EPT1 for each tooth increased to 7.62 units. One month later, the mean EPT2 values dropped to 6.27 units. At this time point, 64 teeth (16%) of the experimental teeth failed to respond. The differences among EPT values at different time points were significant. There was no association between the EPT values and the location or the type of teeth. Conclusion: The physiological changes in the pulp affect the nerve fibers in the early stages of the orthodontic force application. As a result, thresholds to electrical stimulation would increase and the EPT may not initiate a response. Therefore results obtained by electrical pulp testing should be interpreted accordingly.

Keywords:Electric Pulp Test; Orthodontic Treatment; Pulp Vitality

 


Keywords

: electric test; orthodontic treatment; pulp vitality



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/iej.v10i4.6576

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