• Logo
  • SBMUJournals

Effect of Smear Layer on the Push-Out Bond Strength of Two Different Compositions of White Mineral Trioxide Aggregate

Mehrdad Lotfi, Saeed Rahimi, Negin Ghasemi, Sepideh Vosoughhosseini, Mahmood Bahari, Mohammad Ali Saghiri, Atabak Shahidi
164

Views

PDF

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of smear layer on the push-out bond strength of white mineral trioxide aggregate (WMTA) with and without disodium hydrogen phosphate (Na2HPO4). Materials and Methods: Dentin discs with standard cavities were obtained from extracted human single-rooted teeth and divided to 4 groups (n=15) according to the irrigation regimen and the canal filling material. In groups 1 and 3, canals were irrigated with normal saline; in groups 2 and 4, irrigation method included sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and then ethylenediaminetetra-acetic acid (EDTA). The canals were filled with WMTA in first and second groups and with WMTA+Na2HPO4; in groups 3 and 4. The samples were wrapped in wet gauze and incubated in 37°C for 3 days. The push-out bond strength was then measured by means of the Universal Testing Machine and the failure modes were examined under stereomicroscope at 40× magnification. Tow-way ANOVA was used to evaluate the effect of material type and smear layer removal. Post hoc Tukey test was used for the two-by-two comparison of the groups. Results: The greatest and lowest mean±standard deviation for push-out bond strength were observed in groups 4 (4.54±1.14 MPa) and 1 (1.44±0.96 MPa), respectively. The effect of removing the smear layer on the push-out bond strength of WMTA+Na2HPO4 was significant (P=0.01), but not for WMTA (P=0.52). Interestingly, there was significant difference between groups 1, 3 and 2, 4 (P<0.05). The failure mode for all experimental groups was of mixed type. Conclusion: Under circumstances of this in vitro study, removal of smear layer increases push-out bond strength when Na2HPO4 is added to WMTA.



Keywords

Disodium Hydrogen Phosphate; Mineral Trioxide Aggregate; Push-Out Bond Strength; Smear Layer; Root Canal Preparation



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/iej.v8i4.3587

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.