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Comparison of First Accessory Cone Penetration after Using Stainless-Steel and Ni-Ti Spreaders in Curved Resin Blocks

Nahid Mohammadzade Akhlaghi, Nasrin Roghanizad, Zohreh Khalilak, Neda Rezaie
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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare first accessory gutta-percha penetration after the use of nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) or stainless-steel spreaders in curved resin blocks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty resin blocks with 30º and 45º curvatures (20 blocks for each) were prepared and #30 master cones were placed in canals. In part one, under 20 Newton pressure, Ni-Ti or stainless-steel spreaders were placed alongside the master cone and their penetration was measured with a millimeter ruler. In part two, after removing the spreader, one of the accessory cones (#15, #20 or MF) was substituted in the canal and its penetration was measured. The Mann-U Whitney test was used for the final evaluation. RESULTS: In both curvatures, the penetration of Ni-Ti spreaders were significantly more than stainless-steel spreaders (P<0.005). Penetration of the first accessory cones (#15 and MF) in Ni- Ti spreader group were also significantly more than stainless-steel group (P<0.05) (in both curvature groups). CONCLUSION: This study showed that Ni-Ti spreaders and #15 accessory cones penetrated deeper in curved canals than stainless spreaders and #15 accessory cones. Therefore, the use of NiTi spreader in lateral condensation technique is suggested for better results.


Keywords

Gutta-Percha; Nickel-Titanium; Root Canal Obturation; Stainless-Steel



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/iej.v2i4.290

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