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Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

The Iranian Endodontic Journal (IEJ) is an international peer-reviewed biomedical publication, the aim of which is to provide a scientific medium of communication for researchers throughout the globe. IEJ aims to publish the highest quality articles, both clinical and scientific, on all aspects of Endodontics. The journal is an official Journal of the Iranian Center for Endodontic Research (ICER) and the Iranian Association of Endodontists (IAE). The Journal welcomes articles related to the scientific or applied aspects of endodontics e.g. original researches, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, review articles, clinical trials, case series/reports, hypotheses, letters to the editor, etc.

 

From the beginning (i.e. since 2006), the IEJ was the first open access endodontic journal in the world, which gave readers free and instant access to published articles and enabling them faster discovery of the latest endodontic research.

 

Based on Scopus CiteScore 2017, Iranian Endodontic Journal is ranked 16th out of 114 journals in the Dentistry (general Dentistry), making the IEJ, one of the important publications for dental practitioners and endodontists.

 

Periodicity

Articles are published in English, 4 issues are published per year. 

Section Policies

Editorial

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed

Original Article

In This Section, We Publish Original (Research) Articles.

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Review Article

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Systematic Review

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Case Report

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Erratum

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed

Hypothesis

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

News

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed

Letter to the Editor

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed

Meta Analysis

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Clinical Trial

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Peer Review Process

We ask authors and peer-reviewers to submit their articles and reports via our secure online system (http://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/iej/login).

 

Best Practices in Research Reporting

All research submitted to IEJ must be reported according to internationally accepted standards for the study type with ethics oversight obtained where appropriate.

 

Editorial Decisions

Editorial decisions are not a matter of counting votes or numerical rank assessments, and we do not exactly always follow the recommendations. We try to evaluate the strength of the arguments raised by each reviewer and by the authors, and we may also consider other information not available to either party. Our primary responsibilities are to our readers and to the scientific community at large, and in deciding how best to serve them, we must weigh the claims of each paper against the many others also under consideration.

 

Reviewers are welcome to recommend a particular course of action, but they should bear in mind that the other reviewers of a particular paper may have different technical expertise and/or views, and the editors may have to make a decision based on conflicting advices. The most useful reports, therefore, provide the editor with the information on which a decision should be based. Setting out the arguments for and against publication is often more helpful to the editor than a direct recommendation one way or the other.

 

Scientific and Initial Screening

The editorial team of IEJ would check the structure and content of manuscripts to ensure compliance with standard structures (based on the type of study), the aim and scope of the IEJ, standard guidelines and adherence to ethical issues. In this step, articles would be screened in the shortest possible time. If all technical rules are met by the manuscript, the Editorial Process begins. As a result, such triage would help the editor in making fair final decisions on articles and eventually improve the ultimate quality of published articles.

 

Cover Letter

The cover letter is important. In this respect and for helping the Editor, auther(s) should specify the importance of article for publishing in the IEJ.

 

Selecting Reviewers

Reviewers’ selection is critical to the peer review process. The selection is based on many factors, including; expertise, reputation, specific recommendations and previous experience of a referee’s characteristics. For instance, IEJ avoid using referees who are chronically slow, careless, too harsh or too lenient.

 

Editorial office of IEJ normally contact potential reviewers before sending them manuscripts to review. Reviewers should bear in mind that these messages contain confidential information, which should be treated as such.

 

Double Blind Peer Review Process

Double-blind peer review is a model of peer review which reduces biases by allowing reviewer(s) to judge the manuscript only based on scientific content, un-biased by information of who the author(s) is/are.

 

Submitted manuscripts are primarily allocated with a submission code and all the future contacts should be based on the code. Manuscripts submitted to IEJ which do not adhere to the “Instructions for Authors” will be returned for appropriate revision to be in line with the instructions for authors. They may then be resubmitted.

 

Manuscripts judged to be of potential interest to IEJ readership are sent for formal review, typically to three reviewers. Through a double-blind review, the manuscripts will be reviewed by the selected peer reviewers and our biostatisticians who check the articles for any methodological flaws, format, and their compliance with the instructions of IEJ. Neither the peer reviewers nor the authors are revealed to each other.  Reviewers are required to keep manuscripts and their information confidential. They must not use knowledge of the manuscript before its publication for their personal interests. Reviewers should declare their conflicts of interest and decline review if a conflict exists. In probable case, knowing the author(s) must not affect their comments and decision. Their comments should be constructive, honest, and polite. The reviewers’ comments will be passed to the authors and their responses to the comments along with the reviewers’ comments will then be evaluated by editor(s). The Editor-in-Chief, on the basis of the comments, and the standards of IEJ, will decide which articles should be rejected, provisionally accepted or accepted.

 

It should be noted that articles submitted by the staff and editors of the IEJ will also be subjected to peer review and the authors will be completely blind to the evaluation process of their article until a final decision has been made.

 

Editorial Independence and Responsibilities

Editorial policy of IEJ is consistent with the principles of editorial independence presented by the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME: http://www.wame.org/).

 

Although the IEJ is sponsored financially by Iranian Center for Endodontic Research (ICER), it benefits from editorial freedom. Obviously, publishing fees or waiver status do not influence editor decision making. The editor evaluate and accept articles based only on significance, originality, validity, and adherence to the aims and scope of the IEJ.

 

The Editor-in-Chief has complete responsibility and authority to reject/accept an article. The Editor should has no conflict of interest with respect to articles he/she reject/accept. When errors are found in a manuscript, the editor promotes publication of corrections or retractions. The anonymity of reviewers is preserved.

 

Editing Referees’ Reports

As a matter of policy, the editor(s) of IEJ evaluate reviewers’ reports and any comments that were intended for the authors are transmitted. However, the editor(s) may edit a report to remove offensive language or comments that reveal confidential information about other matters. We ask reviewers to avoid statements that may cause needless offence; conversely, we strongly encourage reviewers to state plainly their opinion of a paper.

 

Timing

IEJ is committed to a reasonably rapid editorial decisions and publication, and we believe that an efficient editorial process is a valuable service both to our authors and to the scientific community as a whole. Normally it takes approximately 2 months; for more information see ‘statistics’.

Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public to support a greater global exchange of knowledge

Standards and Affiliations

Iranian Endodontic Journal is committed to maintain high standards through the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

 

ICMJE

The Editor of IEJ endorse the policies of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, including those that cover overlapping publications.

 

COPE

IEJ is a member of COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) since 2017. It is concerned with the integrity of peer-reviewed publications in science, particularly biomedicine.

 

Creative Commons

Creative Commons (CC) is a non-profit organization that promotes the creative re-use of intellectual works, whether they are owned or public-domain. Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY) allows articles, which are made freely available, to be shared and re-used without restriction, provided that appropriate credit is given to the original author(s) and the source.

Policies of the Journal

Our editorial policies are consistent with the principles of editorial independence presented by the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME: http://www.wame.org/).

 

Full descriptions of the policies along with all requirements that authors must fulfill prior to publication can be found here and by following the journal Guidelines at our website.

 

Peer Review Policy

The IEJ are committed to maintaining high standards through full and inflexible double-blind peer review. 

 

Conflict of Interest Policy

A Declaration of Conflicting Interests policy refers to a formal policy which a journal may have to require. A conflict of interest statement or conflict of interest disclosure from a submitting or publishing author must be declared.

 

The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) states in its Guidelines on Good Publication Practice (2003) that: Conflicts of interest arise when authors, reviewers, or editors have interests that are not fully apparent and that may influence their judgments on what is published. They have been described as those which, when revealed later, would make a reasonable reader feel misled or deceived.

 

Many scholars, researchers and professionals may have potential conflicts of interest, that could have an effect on _or could be seen to_ have an effect on their research. As a result, IEJ requires a formal declaration of conflicting interests enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated published article.

 

A potential conflicting interest might arise from relationships, allegiances or hostilities to particular groups, organizations or interests, which may influence excessively one’s judgments or actions. The issue is particularly sensitive when such interests are private and/or may result in personal gain.

 

Articles will be evaluated fairly and will not necessarily be rejected when any competing interests are declared. Examples of conflicts of interest might include the following, although it is not an exhaustive list:

  • Having received fees for consulting
  • Having received research funding
  • Having been employed by a related company
  • Holding stocks or shares in a company which might be affected by the publication of your paper
  • Having received funds reimbursing you for attending a related symposia, or talk

It should be noted that it is not expected that details of financial arrangements be disclosed when a competing interest is declared.

 

Policy on Informed consent for Publications

All patients and volunteers in a research project should be carefully informed about the aims of the trial and any possible side effects of the drugs/materials and interventions. Written informed consent from the participants or their legal guardians is compulsory for any such studies. The IEJ reserves the right to request the related documents. Articles that require informed consent should acknowledge related statements in the “Methods and Materials” section.

 

Open access policy

Articles appearing in IEJ are 'open access'. The published articles are universally and freely accessible via the Internet, from the IEJ website.

 

Policy on Archiving

IEJ deposits the articles that it publishes in a prestigious digital archive (PubMed Central) to guarantee long-term digital preservation.

 

Policy on Article Corrections, Retractions and Editorial Expressions of Concern

IEJ is committed to correct the errors in published papers according to guidelines set by various international organizations i.e. Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE, i.e. flowchart for retraction of a published article), International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICJME) and World Association of Medical Editors (WAME).

 

Corrections to or retractions/editorial expressions of concern of published articles will be made by publishing an erratum/corrigendum or editorial expressions of concern/retraction note without altering the original article. Thus the original article remains in the public domain and the erratum/corrigendum or note will be widely indexed.

Advertising Policy

Based on editorial board decision, Iranian Endodontic Journal does not accept advertising for products/services or any direct marketing activities. All publications which have the capacity of an advertising and/or commercially sponsored articles are independent from editorial decisions. IEJ does not endorse any product or service marked as an advertisement or promoted by a sponsor in its publications. Editorial content is not compromised by commercial or financial interests, or by any specific arrangements with advertising clients or sponsors.

Policy on Human and Animal Rights

Studies that involve human beings must adhere to the principles of the “Declaration of Helsinki” (The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association). The trials must registered in ethical committee of the research centers or Universities where the study was carried out; the “Methods and Materials” section should include a statement that the study approved by an appropriate ethics committee too.

 

Randomized clinical trials should be registered in appropriate trial registries (i.e. Clinical Trials.gov or Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials) approved by the WHO and their registration number should be mentioned in the title page.

 

Where human subjects are used, the informed consent explaining the nature of the procedure and possible discomforts and risks should be obtained from all patients who participated in the experimental investigation and subjects should be able to freely reject participation.

 

If animals are used, a statement protocol approval by the institutional animal care and use committee must be included. All animal experiments should comply with the ARRIVE guidelines.

Policy on Article Corrections, Retractions and Editorial Expressions of Concern

IEJ is committed to correct the errors in published papers according to guidelines set by various international organizations i.e. Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE, i.e. flowchart for retraction of a published article), International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICJME) and World Association of Medical Editors (WAME).

 

Corrections to or retractions/editorial expressions of concern of published articles will be made by publishing an erratum/corrigendum or editorial expressions of concern/retraction note without altering the original article. Thus the original article remains in the public domain and the erratum/corrigendum or note will be widely indexed.

Standards of ICER and IAE to Select the Editors of IEJ

Iranian Center for Endodontic Research (ICER) and the Iranian Association of Endodontists (IAE) are responsible to select the Editors from the well-known researchers who are the members of IAE, based on related experiences (i.e. reputable, clear vision to the field), academic degree and H-index. The editorial board member is also selected based on the said criteria from the academic members throughout the world. Whilst the ICER and IAE have no role in editorial decisions, the Editor-in-Chief of IEJ is the final authority to assign a decision on accepting or rejecting a manuscript.

Editors are required to declare any interests (financial or otherwise) that might influence, or be perceived to influence, their editorial practices. She/he cannot occupy the job in the case of existence of 'conflict of interests'.

The editors should be independent thinkers and evaluate a manuscript for its content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the author(s).

The editors (/any editorial staff) must ensure the confidentiality of the submitted works until they are published. Privileged information/ideas obtained through peer review must not be used for personal advantage.

They are required to establish a high quality system of editorial review and choose the best available team.

The Editors have many general duties, such as constantly improving the quality and integrity of the IEJ, striving to needs of authors and readers, encouraging academic debate, etc., however, their main responsibility is accepting manuscripts suitable for publication while rejecting unsuitable manuscripts.

The procedure to let the editor(s) play this role effectively is described below.

The Role of Journal Editors in Reviewing and Approving Manuscripts

The staff of IEJ would check the structure and content of manuscripts to ensure compliance with standard structures (based on the type of study), the aim and scope of the IEJ, standard guidelines and adherence to ethical issues. In this step, articles would be screened in the shortest possible time. Submitted manuscripts which do not adhere to the “Instructions for Authors” will be returned for appropriate revision to be in line with the instructions for authors. They may then be resubmitted. If all technical rules are met by the manuscript, the Editorial Process begins. Submitted manuscripts are primarily allocated with a submission code and all the future contacts should be based on the code. As a result, such triage would help the Editor-in-chief in making fair decisions on manuscripts and eventually improve the ultimate quality of published articles.

 

The Editor-in-chief checks that the manuscript is appropriate and is sufficiently original/innovational and interesting. If not, he can reject the manuscript without being reviewed any further. Then the Editor-in-chief may assigns an Associate Editor or Section Editor to take further action. In the next step, reviewers’ selection by the Editor-in-chief or any designated editor(s) is a critical issue for peer review process. The selection is based on many factors, including expertise, reputation, specific recommendations and previous experience of a reviewer’s characteristics. The reviewers will be either selected from an existing database or it will be searched via related databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, etc. For instance, IEJ editors avoid using referees who are chronically slow, careless, too harsh or too lenient. Editorial office of IEJ normally contact potential reviewers before sending them manuscripts to review.

 

Once the reviewer agreed to review, the article without author information will be available in reviewers’ login. Reviewers should bear in mind that these messages contain confidential information, which should be treated as such. Reviewers are asked to classify the manuscript as acceptable, publishable with revisions required, not publishable or resubmittable. Reviewers’ evaluations typically include an explicit recommendation of what to do with the manuscript.

 

Once the reviewer completes the review process, it will be notified to Editor-in-chief or any designated editor. The comments are then evaluated by the editor(s) and forwarded to corresponding author for further revision. Upon submission of the revised manuscript, it will then be evaluated by Editor(s). The Editor-in-Chief makes the final decision for each manuscript. The Editorial Office sends a decision email to the author. The entire process will be done via online submission portal of IEJ.

Guidelines for Reviewers

The Responsibility of the Peer Reviewer

The peer reviewer is responsible for critically reading/evaluating a manuscript, and providing respectful, constructive, and honest feedback to the editor(s) as well as authors about the manuscript. It is appropriate for the peer reviewer to discuss the strengths/weaknesses of the paper, ways to improve the quality of the work, and evaluate the novelty/relevance of the manuscript. Due to the fact that all submissions are confidential, peer reviewers are asked not to discuss any aspect of the submissions with a third party. In addition, peer reviewers are not permitted to contact the author directly.

 

Before Reviewing

Please consider the following:

- Does the article you are being asked to review match your expertise? If you receive a manuscript that covers a topic that does not appropriately match your area of expertise, please inform the editor of IEJ and, if possible, recommend an alternate reviewer.

- Are there any potential conflicts of interests? It is mandatory to disclose all conflicts of interest to the editors before reviewing; however, it is noteworthy that such disclosure will not disqualify you from reviewing the manuscript.

 

The Review

When reviewing the article, please keep the following in mind:

 

Quality and originality:

The article should be sufficiently novel and interesting for readers and informative, potentially improving the knowledge of endodontic, and strictly adhere to the journal’s guidelines/standards.

Note: If the research has been covered before, pass on references of those works to the editor.

 

Organization and Clarity:

Title: Is the title appropriate and pertinent?

Abstract: Does the abstract include the entire inherent components of an article namely background and aims, materials and methods, results and conclusion?

Are the key words correct, appropriate and related to the manuscript?

Introduction: Does the introduction involve the background, importance, and research necessity and study names?

Methods and Materials: Does the section include the following items: Study method, Study population, Sampling method, Statistical tests, Data collection method and Ethical consideration?

Results: Have the results been expressed clearly and with logical sequence? Are the Figures, Tables and Graphs appropriate and contain sufficient information for clarity?

Discussion: Are the data interpretation and their limits clear and does the Discussion section involves the comparison of data with related surveys and addressing the difference source? Is the discussion contents supported by results? Is the ratio of different parts of the manuscript appropriate?

References: Are the references related and up-to-date? Have they been prepared regarding the instructions of the journal?

 

In case of Ethical Issues or a need for modifications which not mentioned in the above questions, please write your suggestions to Editor.

Note: Ethical Issues

- Plagiarism: If you suspect that the manuscript is a substantial copy of another work, please cite the previous work in as much detail as possible

- Fraud: It is very challenging to detect the determined fraudster, but if you suspect the results in the manuscript to be untrue, please inform

- Other ethical concerns: Violation of the accepted norms in the ethical treatment of animal or human subjects should be reported


Article Types Considered

Original articles: Should contain a structured abstract, related keywords, introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, conclusion, acknowledgement (if applicable), references, maximum 4 tables and 4 figures. The length should not exceed 3500 words excluding the references, abstract, figures and tables. These articles are limited to 40 references.

Randomized clinical trials (RCT): The format is similar to original articles. Should adhere to the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) minimum guidelines for publication of randomized clinical trials (http://www.consort-statement.org). RCTs should be registered in appropriate trial registries approved by the WHO and their registration number should be mentioned in the title page.

Case series/reports: Should contain a non-structured abstract, 3-5 keywords, introduction, case presentation, discussion, conclusion, acknowledgement (if applicable), references, maximum 1 table and maximum 3 figures. Case series/reports should optimally be accompanied by relevant figures to document findings.

Review articles/Narrative reviews: There are no limits in the number of references for review articles. Abstract should be non-structured. The word count should not exceed 4500 words. Narrative reviews should contain the critical assessment of the current knowledge of the field. 

Systematic reviews/Meta-analysis of RCTs or Observational studies will be accepted by the IEJ. The protocol of the study should adhere to PRISMA or MOOSE guidelines of systematic reviews of RCTs or Observational studies, respectively. Abstract should be structured. There are no limits in the number of references for these articles.

Letters to the Editor should be less than 750 words. Letters discussing articles published in the IEJ should be submitted at most within 4 months after the publication of the main article. Letter will undergo peer review and will be edited for clarity. Up to 5 references may be stated.

License and Copyright

  


Iranian Endodontic Journal is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0).