Objective(s): It is widely accepted that contaminations resulting from nanoparticles (NPs) is now emerging as a new and dangerous issue. Metal oxide NPs have high durability in the environment and in the food chain, leading to the continued toxicity caused by them.
Methods: According to the research design, 32 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups. Then, NTiO2-treated rats were taken 300 mg / kg of NTiO2 solution via gavage technique for 14 days. The GA-treated were administered 100 mg/kg GA for 14 days. In addition, the protection group was pre-treated with GA before NTiO2 administration for 7 days. Thus, the research applied immunolocalization of Bax and Bcl-2 and Tunel staining.
Results: It was found that HSCORE of Bax expression experienced a significant increase while Bcl-2 expression pattern significantly reduced in NTio2-treated rats. Apoptptic index was also increased by NTio2.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated that GA effectively attenuated apoptosis and histological changes in the hepatotoxicity induced by NTio2.
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