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Evaluation of single nucleotide polymorphism in interleukin 22 (IL-22) gene and its association with chronic hepatitis B infection

Paniza Asadi, Seyed Reza Mohebbi, Seyed Masoud Hosseini, Mohemmad Reza Zali
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Abstract

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate rs1179251 single nucleotide polymorphism in the IL-22 gene as a host factor and its effect on chronic hepatitis B infection.

Background: Interleukin 22 (IL-22) belongs to a group of recently discovered cytokines, and it is produced and secreted by innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) and T helper 22 (Th22) cells. This cytokine plays dual roles as pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory effects in various conditions and different tissues of the body.

Methods: This study was performed based on a case-control format to assess IL-22 rs1179251 single nucleotide polymorphism genotypic and allelic frequencies among 227 hepatitis B chronic patients and 227 healthy controls. The polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism techniques were employed to determine the polymorphism’s genotypes.

Results: Genotypes Frequencies in patients’ group were determined CC 59.91%, CG 37.89%, and GG 2.20% respectively in comparison to CC 63.44%, CG 31.72% and GG 4.85% in control group. The findings revealed that there was no statistically significant difference in the genotypes (P=0.156) frequencies of IL-22 gene polymorphism (rs1179251) between patients and control groups.

Conclusion: No association was found between rs1179251 single nucleotide polymorphism in IL-22 gene and chronic hepatitis B infection. So, in spite of the importance of IL-22 gene in immune responses, the studied polymorphism does not serve a decisive role in susceptibility to hepatitis B virus chronic infection.

Keywords: Interleukin 22, Single nucleotide polymorphism, Hepatitis B virus, Immune response, Inflammation.

(Please cite as Asadi P, Mohebbi SR, Hosseini SM, Zali MR. Evaluation of single nucleotide polymorphism in interleukin 22 (IL-22) gene and its association with chronic hepatitis B infection Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench 2019;12(4):309-314).


Keywords

Interleukin 22, Single nucleotide polymorphism, Hepatitis B virus, Immune response, Inflammation

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/ghfbb.v12i4.1675