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Emergency Stomas; Should Non-colorectal Surgeons be doing it?

Adnan Qureshi, Joanne Cunningham, Teresa William, Anil Hemandas
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Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare general and stoma specific short term complications in patients having stoma surgery in
either an emergency or elective setting during their index hospital stay. It also compares the complications specific to a stoma carried
out by surgeons with or without a specialist interest in colorectal surgery.
Background: The stoma created in emergency surgery has a high short and long term complication rate. Emergency stomas where
the site has not been marked preoperatively by a stoma therapist are more prone to complications. These complications may severely
affect a patient’s quality of life.
Methods: We retrospectively analysed data for all non-urological stomas created over the last three years in our institute. This
covered the period from January 2014 to January 2017. The stoma care department kept a full database record of all patients. Besides
demography we analysed the type of stoma i.e. colostomy or ileostomy, indications for the stoma, most common operation, length of
stay (LOS) and short term complications based on the Clavien-Dindo classification. We also analysed the perioperative stoma related
complications within the emergency cohort.
Results: A total of 199 patients had new ostomies created during the three-year period. Four patients died during the inpatient stay
and were excluded from the analysis. The total number of stomas created in the emergency cohort was 60 and 135 stomas were
elective procedures. The male to female ratio was 1:1.01. The average age for the emergency cohort was 6 years older than for the
elective cohort. There was a statistically significant difference in length of stay between the two cohorts (T Test P Value =.02). There
was a higher number of elective patients discharged in the first week compared to the emergency surgery patients. The rate of grade 3
or 4 complications was higher in the emergency cohort of patients. The rate of grade 3 or 4 complications was also much higher in
patients operated by surgeons who did not have a specialist interest in colorectal surgery. The majority of grade 3 complications seen
in the emergency surgery cohort and operated on by non-colorectal specialists (NCS) were stoma related, i.e retraction, necrosis and
prolapse.
Conclusion: Emergency surgery procedures are frequently bowel related. Emergency stoma surgery should not be taken as trivial
procedure, non-colorectal surgeons should take advice and assistance from specialist colorectal surgeons for bowel related cases,
particularly when a stoma is involved
Keywords: Stoma, Colostomy, Non-colorectal surgeons, Hartman’s operation.
(Please cite as: Qureshi A, Cunningham J, Hemandas A. Emergency stomas; should non-colorectal surgeons be
doing it?. Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench 2018;11(4):306-312).


Keywords

Stoma, Colorectal surgery, complications

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/ghfbb.v11i4.1397