Effect of Relaxation Training on Pregnancy Anxiety in High Risk Women

Farzaneh Rahimi, Mahbobeh Ahmadi, Firozeh Rosta, Hamid Alavi Majd, Mahbobeh Valiani

Abstract


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Background and Objectives: Prenatal maternal anxiety has adverse effects on the mother and fetus and child. Use of anxiety-reducing techniques for pregnant mothers plays an important role in decreasing maternal and child Psychological problems. Relaxation exercise could be improve pregnancy outcome in High Risk pregnancy and High Risk Delivery. This study aimed to determine the effect of relaxation training on anxiety in High risk mothers.

Materials and Methods: The present study was done as a clinical trial on 150 High Risk  Pregnant Women 32-35week (75 subjects as relaxation group,75 subjects as control group)referred to Health and Medical Center in Shahreza city. Data were collected using personal data form and Spielberger anxiety Inventory questionnaire .In addition to routine pregnancy care, four 90minute sessions of relaxation active Jacobsen training courses were held during 4weeks (once a week).The control group only received routine pregnancy care .Anxiety score before the intervention and at the end of the intervention were analyzed in all two groups .Data analysis was done using Ttest , tabs analysis.

Results: In this study, the mean anxiety scores were not significantly different in the two groups before the intervention ,but there was significant differences in relaxation group after the intervention (pvalu<0/001). There was a decrease in the mean anxiety score in relaxation group after the intervention whereas there was a slightly increase in the control group.

Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that relaxation training could reduce anxiety in Pregnant High Risk Women.

 


Keywords


Relaxation Training, High Risk Women, Pregnancy Anxiety

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References


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