An Epidemiology study of deaths from road traffic accidents

Zahra Khorrami, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari, Mohammad Reza Ghadirzadeh



Background and Objectives: Deaths from traffic accidents are a major public health problem in all societies, especially in the low and middle-income countries. This study is done to investigate the epidemiology of fatal road traffic accidents in Fars province.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study, we estimated the standardized mortality rate, mortality rate per month and day according to traffic level on suburban highways. We used data collected by the Traffic statistics available on the Road Maintenance and Transportation Organization website and Legal Medicine Organization from fatal road accidents analyzed by Stata-12 software. This study was funded by Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. The Ethics Committee of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences approved the study.

Results: : In the year 2012, total 1379 deaths occurred due to road accidents in Fars province. The age-adjusted incidence rate of fatal traffic accident was 30.02/100000 and mean of age was 36.66 ± 20.45. The mortality rate was higher in men (77/81%) and self-employed, in the age group 25-34 years, married and illiterate. Most of the decedents at during the accident and died due to head injury. The most of the fatalities were related to drivers (43/65 %), followed by the vehicle occupants (35/75 %). Considering the traffic rate on suburban roads, the highest death rate occurred in the September month, 4 o’clock AM and Abade-Shahreza and Shiraz-Marvdasht-Saadatshahr pivots occurred in the province.

Conclusion: Due to the high incidence and high prevalence and deaths by self-employed driver’s suburban routes, preventive measures such as precise traffic surveillance and enforcement the regulations for safe driving are considered essential.

How to cite this article:

Khorrami Z, Hashemi Nazari SS, Ghadirzadeh MR. An Epidemiology study of deaths from road traffic accidents. J Saf Promot Inj Prev. 2016; 4(4): 217-24 .





epidemiology, road traffic accidents, mortality

Full Text:




Hashemi Nss, Kazemian M, Hosseini F. Trend Of Five Years Traffic Accident Mortality In Khuzestan Province (2006-2010). Scientific Journal Of Forensic Medicine. 2011;17(2(62)):123-9.

World Health Organization. Global status report on road safety: time for action: World Health Organization; 2009.

Duperrex O, Bunn F, Roberts I. Safety education of pedestrians for injury prevention: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Bmj. 2002;324(7346):1129. [Pubmed]

Violence WHO, Prevention I, World Health Organization. Global status report on road safety 2013: supporting a decade of action: World Health Organization; 2013.

Toroyan T. Global status report on road safety. Injury Prevention. 2009;15(4):286. [Pubmed]

Ghazizadeh Hashemi H, Larijani B, Sayari A, Malekzade R, al e. National Document prevention and control of non-communicable diseases and related risk factors in the Islamic Republic of Iran in the period from 2015 to 2025. National Committee on Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases (INCD). 2015;First Edition.

Ayni E, Soori H. The estimated cost of traffic accidents by using willingness to pay. Applied Research Center police, traffic police. 2016;12.

Ahadi MR, Pejmanzad P, Ardebili PB. The epidemiology of accident fatalities in Iran (8-year review). Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention. 2015;2(4):329-38.

Izadi N, Najafi Farid F, Khosravi A, Hashemi Nazari S, Salari A, Soori H. Estimation of mortality and calculated years of lost life from road‎ traffic injuries. Journal Of Mazandaran University Of Medical Sciences. 2014;24(112):51-8.

Bahadorimonfared A, Soori H, Mehrabi Y, Delpisheh A, Esmaili A, Salehi M, et al. Trends of fatal road traffic injuries in Iran (2004–2011). PloS one. 2013;8(5):e65198. [Pubmed]

Entezami N, Hashemi-Nazari SS, Soori H, Khosravi A, Ghadirzadeh MR. Epidemiology of fatal road traffic accidents in Northern provinces of Iran during 2009 to 2010. Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention. 2015;3(1):1-8.

Taravatmanesh S, Hashemi-Nazari SS, Ghadirzadeh MR, Taravatmanesh L. Epidemiology of fatal traffic injuries in the Sistan and Baluchistan province in 2011. Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention. 2015;3(3):161-8.

Kanchan T, Kulkarni V, Bakkannavar SM, Kumar N, Unnikrishnan B. Analysis of fatal road traffic accidents in a coastal township of South India. Journal of forensic and legal medicine. 2012;19(8):448-51. [Pubmed]

Chandran A, Sousa TRV, Guo Y, Bishai D, Pechansky F, Team TVNTE. Road traffic deaths in Brazil: rising trends in pedestrian and motorcycle occupant deaths. Traffic injury prevention. 2012;13(sup1):11-6. [Pubmed]

Maracy M, Tabar Isfahani M. The burden of road traffic injuries in Isfahan, Iran in 2010. Journal of Kerman University of Medical Sciences. 2013;20(5):505-19. [Scopus]

Malekifar A, Nazari SH, Ghadirzadeh MR. Epidemiology of deaths due to traffic accidents in Kermanshah province (2012). J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2016;19(6):327-33.

Farooqui JM, Chavan KD, Bangal RS, Syed MA, Thacker PJ, Alam S, et al. Pattern of injury in fatal road traffic accidents in a rural area of western Maharashtra, India. The Australasian medical journal. 2013;6(9):476. [Pubmed]

Bahadorimonfared A, Soori H, Mehrabi Y, Rahmati Roodsari M. Model for the prediction of death from road traffic injuries in Iran. Journal of the Faculty of Medicine. 2012;36(1):7-11.

Hasani J, Hashemi Nazari SS, Gadirzadeh M, Shojaei A. An epidemiological study of fatal road traffic accidents in Semnan province (Iran) in 2011. Koomesh. 2016;17(2):304-11.

Barrimah IS, Midhet F, Sharaf F. Epidemiology of road traffic injuries in qassim region, saudi arabia: consistency of police and health data. International journal of health sciences. 2012;6(1):31-42. [Pubmed]

Monsef V, Asadi P. Mortality due to road traffic injuries in Guilan province in 2011-2012. Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention. 2015;3(2):97-102.

Montazeri A. Road-traffic-related mortality in Iran: a descriptive study. Public health. 2004;118(2):110-3. [Pubmed]

Soori H, Nasermoadeli A, Movahedi M, Mehmandar M, Hatam Abady H, Rezazadeh Azari M, et al. The effect of mandatory seat belt use legislations on mortalities from road traffic injuries in Iran. Hakim Research Journal. 2009;12(1):48-54.

Hatamabadi H, Soori H, Vafaee R, Hadadi M, Ainy E, Asnaashari H. Epidemiological Pattern Of Road Traffic Injuries In Tehran-Abali Axis In 2008: A Prospective Study. Payesh. 2012;11(1):29-37.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.