Explaining Historical Evidence of the Interaction of Traditional Architecture with Traditional Medicine

Vahideh Rahimi Mehr, Heshmatollah Motedayen, Mehrzad Mehrbani

Abstract


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Background and Aim: Despite the wide range of legacy of the past architecture, there is no evidence from the scientific and technical ideas of these works and sources of knowledge from other sciences and the interaction of architecture with traditional medicine is not explicitly explained due to the wide field of these sciences and limited interactional studies between the two grounds and this relation will not be achieved only through examining the architectural works without regarding the scientific heritage. The scarcity and remaining unknown of these resources has led to its concealing or unilateral comments of some scholars from the related supporting science and the level of medical knowledge of architects. The goal of research is to explain the evidence based on the linkage of architecture to traditional medicine based on the history of scientific manuscripts to reveal various aspects of the hidden aspects of medical thought in shaping architecture and linking the owners of these two realms.

Materials and Methods: This fundamental research is done, using a descriptive-analytical method. Also in collecting data, the method is documentary, so that at first, the common aspects of architecture and traditional medicine were expressed and then the existing evidence based on the relation between architecture and medicine and its examples, using medical history, architecture and comprehensive software of traditional medicine, version 1.5 has been reviewed. It is necessary to note that the method of data analysis in this research is "qualitative".

Findings: The written evidence together with the examples of the use of medicine in architecture reveal two issues about how the two sciences communicate: 1- Consultation of the physician in the process of construction; 2- Architects' awareness of the principles of traditional medicine. Architects have tried to help human health with one of these two methods by influencing the matter of air as the most important principle in health and mental states.

Conclusion: Looking at the preventive approach to traditional medicine and the measures taken in traditional architecture, it is possible to present solutions and standards appropriate to the contemporary architecture that help improve the quality of the environment and this will only be done by teaching the principles of traditional medicine to the architects or consulting traditional medical practitioners in building the related construction.

 

Please cite this article as: Rahimi Mehr V, Motedayen H, Mehrbani M. Explaining Historical Evidence of the Interaction of Traditional Architecture with Traditional Medicine. Med Hist J 2018; 10(35): 79-94.


Keywords


Historical Evidence; Interaction; Traditional Architecture; Traditional Medicine

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