Performance Analysis Review of the Organizations Responsible for Healthcare in Fars Province during the Pahlavi I period (1925-1941)

Mahdi Khodami, Morteza Nouraei, Asghar Forughi Abari



Background and Aim: This study reviewed the performance of organizations responsible for public healthcare in Fars Province during the Pahlavi I period. According to the law, Sehieh (health service) and Baladieh (municipality) were the two organizations responsible for public healthcare. To ensure public health, cooperation between them was essential. The two organizations gradually developed their evolutionary process in Fars. Naturally, they have had a lot of problems.

Materials and Methods: In this article, Based on the documentation and archival sources reviewed their performances. Many of the findings from this study are based on first-order documents and findings. Sehieh, as the main organization responsible for healthcare, is the primary focus of this study. Baldieh and Sahiyah were later renamed to the municipality (shahrdary) and health care (behdari). Health centers and municipalities functioned similarly in some cases. Any conflict in responsibilities of the two entities could substantially undermine the public health in the society. In this article, the relationships between these two local organizations and the consequences of their actions on the health of the people have been given special attention.

Ethical Considerations: Integrity and trustworthiness were observed in analyzing and Reporting and publishing the results.

Findings: This research shows: 1- The spread of diseases and their mortality rate decreased; 2- Complete success in eradication and control of contagious diseases was not achieved due to lack of financial sources; 3- Most areas in Fars did not benefit from the developments, and their healthcare conditions did not improve significantly. However, the achievements achieved in the Fars health area have also been considered by researchers in this paper.

Conclusion: During the course of Pahlavi I period, there has been a lot of changes in the administrative structure of Local Health Centers and municipalities, which has led to improvements in the community's health space. Despite the improvement in health conditions, the health of Fars in the first Pahlavi era did not radically change.


Please cite this article as: Khodami M, Nouraei M, Forughi Abari A. Performance Analysis Review of the Organizations Responsible for Healthcare in Fars Province during the Pahlavi I period (1925-1941). Med Hist J 2018; 9(33): 19-31.


Sehieh; Behdari; Medical; Fars; Pahlavi I Period

Full Text:




Hashemian H. Health Assembly. Baharestan Message Journal 2011; 3(11): 55-81. [Persian]

Negotiations of the National Assembly. Sixth Period of Legislation. Tehran: Publication of Parliament; 1927. [Persian]

Fars (Sakmaf) National Library and Document. No.98-293-1239. [Persian]

Estakhr Newspaper. No.32. January, 1925. p.17. [Persian]

Estakhr Newspaper. No.31. November 30, 1926. p.2. [Persian]

Fars (Sakmaf) National Library and Document. No.98-293-16071. [Persian]

Fars (Sakmaf) National Library and Document. No.98-293-14659. [Persian]

Fars (Sakmaf) National Library and Document. No.98-293-5106. [Persian]

Negotiations of the National Assembly 1308. March 3, Meeting 104; 1666. [Persian]

Kadivar M. The biography of Haj Gholam Hossein Kadivar Fassaei. Tehran: Kavir; 2005. p.1258-1322. [Persian]

EstakhrNewspaper. No.20. September 5, 1927. p.5. [Persian]

Anvari AH. Selected Articles and News from Important newspapers about a Persian Gulf. Tehran: Iranology Foundation; 2008. [Persian]

Fars (Sakmaf) National Library and Document. No.98-293-972. [Persian]

Fars (Sakmaf) National Library and Document. No.98-293-10951. [Persian]

Bayane Haghigat Newspaper. No.16. August 14, 1934. p.3. [Persian]

Estakhr Newspaper. No.2. April 3, 1928. p.4. [Persian]

Estakhr. No.40. January 18, 1924. p.3. [Persian]

Golestan Newspaper. No.487 and 440. January 18, 1924. p.3. [Persian]

Estakhr Newspaper. No.23. September 28, 1927. p.3. [Persian]

Estakhr Newspaper. No.588. March 17, 1931. p.3. [Persian]

Estakhr Newspaper. No.625. May 13, 1919. p.1. [Persian]

Mahboubi Ardakani H. The History of New Civilization Institutions in Iran. 2nd ed. Tehran: Tehran University Press; 1991. Vol.1. [Persian]

Fars (Sakmaf) National Library and Document. No.98-293-3202. [Persian]

Fars (Sakmaf) National Library and Document. No.98-293-13042. [Persian]

Pollock JE. Pollack's Travelogue "Iran and Iranians". Translated by Jahandari K. Tehran: Kharazmi; 1986. [Persian]

National Documents and Library (Sakm). No.293-33059. [Persian]

National Documents and Library (Sakm). No.293-6814. [Persian]

EstakhrNewspaper. No.7. May 17, 1928. p.1. [Persian]

Fars (Sakmaf) National Library and Document. No.98-293-12164. [Persian]

Fars (Sakmaf) National Library and Document. No.98-293-9542. [Persian]

Fars (Sakmaf) National Library and Document. No.98-283-7584. [Persian]

Fars (Sakmaf) National Library and Document. No.98-293-2707. [Persian]

Fars (Sakmaf) National Library and Document. No98-293-6983. [Persian]

Seyfpour Fatemi N. The days of memories of the developments of Fars on the eve of the Second World War of the 14th Majles and the crisis of Azerbaijan in 1317-1317. Tehran: Publication and Research of Shiraz; 2000. [Persian]

Razmara A. Military Geography of Iran. Tehran: Army Print; 1944. [Persian]

Torabi Farasani SO, Ebrahimi M. Baldieh and Public Health during the First Pahlavi Period. The Journal of Islamic and Iranian History, Al-Zahra University 2014; 24(24): 79-96. [Persian]

Roomi S. History of Shiraz Medical Journal from Beginning to 2008. Shiraz: Navid; 2008. [Persian]


  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License CC BY-NC 4.0. Copyright © 2016 Medical History JournalAll rights reserved.  All credits and honors to PKP for their OJS.

For Author | Online Submission | About Contact