Medical and Medical Surgery knife in Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh

Mohammad Reza Rajabnejad, Mahin Taj Sadeghniya

Abstract


81

Background and Aim: Hakim Abolqasem Ferdowsi Tuassi is the greatest epic poet in the history of Persian literature. Ferdowsi's Shahnameh is one of the finest works of the world that various episodes of scientific, social, and historical aspects from the epic poems can be drawn from Shahnameh. One of the most important scientific issues is the medical knowledge that has been beautifully and wisely depicted in the epic stories and one of the ancient letters in this epic. The purpose of this research is to display and analyze the lateness of medical knowledge and its related specialties, the poems of Shahnameh, especially the story of the birth of "Rostam", a mythical hero born in the method of "Medical Knife" (Rostam's Birth Operation).

Materials and Methods: This research seeks to express the glory of ancient Iranian medicine as an important issue, such as surgery, which is based on a library study method based on the original sources of medical history.

Findings: Shahnameh is one of the best sources of authenticity in the ancient history of ancient medicine, which has been neglected.

Conclusion: Ferdowsi's poems have the prominence and promise of medical knowledge. The story of the birth of "Rostam", the Iranian mythological hero with the method of surgery in ancient times and the medical terms that Ferdowsi has arranged, is an example of the culmination of Iranian medicine.

Please cite this article as: Rajabnejad MR, Sadeghniya MT. Medical and Medical Surgery knife in Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh. Med Hist J 2017; 9(32): 97-108.


Keywords


Doctor; Surgery; Simorgh; Ferdowsi and Medical History

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