Reviewing the Opinions of Avicenna, Tbilisi, and Akhaveayne on the Role of Fever in the Diagnosis of Illnesses and Comparing Them with Modern Medicine

Saeed Changizi Ashtiyani, Mohsen Shamsi, Ali Asghar Farazi



Background: Since olden times, fever and its diagnostic features have been always paid attention to. The aim of this study was to investigate the views of Iranian Islamic scholars, Avicenna, Tbilisi and Akhaveayne on fever and their compatibility with modern sciences.

Methods: The authors tried to refer to authentic and reliable sources for fever in traditional medicine and compare them with modern medicine and arrange their findings into a descriptive article. To collect valid data a comprehensive library search as well as an electronic one, using appropriate keywords, were carried out.

Results: Based on the data collected and according to Iranian traditional medicine the root of fever lay in the disorders of other organs which could be helpful in the diagnosis of illnesses. In traditional medicine, fever was divided into different types like sanguine (of blood), melancholic, phlegmatic, daily fever, and so on.In Iranian traditional medicine careful examination of the patient as well as the background leading to fever were of utmost importance and a lot of foods prescribed for the treatment of fever were consistent with the standards of modern medicine.

Conclusion: Given that in modern medicine many causes of fever are still unknown, a new approach to the traditional diagnostic and therapeutic views on fever can compensate for the insufficiencies of modern medicine in this regard.


Avicenna; Fever; Islamic Iran; Tbilisi; Medical History; Akhveaynee

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