Investigating the Effect of Islamic Values on Nurses’ Professional Ethics with the Mediating Role of Organization’s Code of Ethics

Omid Mahdieh, Raham Sharaf, Azade Shojae



Background and Aim: With regard to the importance of professional ethics’ role in organizational development and work life improvement, it is necessary to consider professional ethics principles in organization for determining effectiveness and directing human resources. The aim of this research is to investigate the effect of Islamic values on professional ethics with the mediating role of organization’s code of ethics.

Materials and Methods: This research is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive (survey) in terms of method. The statistical population of the study included all nurses working in government hospitals in Zanjan and 182 people were selected as a sample. Questionnaire was used for collecting data which is content validity and reliability (by using Cronbach Alpha) was approved. For measuring professional ethics, the questionnaire of Ghasemzadeh et al (2014) was used and for two other variables the researchers designed their own questionnaire. For testing hypotheses, structural equation modelling and PLS software, were used.

Findings: According to the findings, Islamic values has a positive and significant effect on Nurses’ professional ethics and organization’s code of ethics. There is a significant relationship between and organization’s code of ethics and Nurses’ professional ethics. In addition, organization’s code of ethics mediated the relationship between Islamic values and Nurses’ professional ethics.

Ethical Considerations: In the period of data collection, respondents were assured that their opinions and responses will remain confidential and used only for analysis.

Conclusion: Compliance with ethical principles will lead to nursing services improvement. Findings show that worth and importance of nurses work is more perceived when Islamic values on the time of service providing is considered.


Cite this article as: Mahdieh O, Sharaf R, Shojae A. Investigating the Effect of Islamic Values on Nurses’ Professional Ethics with the Mediating Role of Organization’s Code of Ethics. Med Ethics J 2019; 13(44): e13.


Islamic Values; Professional Ethics; Organization’s Code of Ethics; Nursing Services

Full Text:




Amin Bidokhti A, Mardani E. The Relationship between Mental Health and Observance of Professional Ethics in Nursing Staff. Medical Ethics Journal 2015; 9(31): 49-74. [Persian]

Koehn D. The Ground of professional Ethics. New York: Teylor & Francis; 2001.

Qaramaleki AF, Farivar M, Namazi HR, Khanlary M. Professional ethics in the Civilization of Iran and Islam. 2nd ed. Tehran: Research Institute for Cultural and Social Studies; 2007. [Persian]

Kangasniemi M, Pakkanen P, Korhonen A. Professional ethics in nursing: An integrative review. Journal of Advanced Nursing 2015; 71(8): 1744-1757.

Vanaki Z, Memarian R. Professional ethics: beyond the clinical competency. Journal of Professional Nursing 2009; 25(5): 285-291.

Vesal M. Professional Ethics in the Field of Psychology and Counseling (take a look at

Client’s Confidentiality and Privacy). Medical Ethics Journal 2019; 13(44): 1-19. [Persian]

Qaramaleki AF. Professional Ethics. Tehran: Majnoon Publications; 2014. [Persian]

Pennino Clare M. Managers and professional ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 2008; 12(41): 337-347.

Shahriari M, Abbaszadeh A, Mohammadi I, Bahrami M. Definition of moral values of nursing from the perspective of the Qur'an and Islamic texts. Biothics Journal 2014; 4(14): 39-66. [Persian]

Ebrahiminezhad M. Professional ethics and standards of Islam in business. Annual Conference on Management and Business Economics 2015; 3(1): 1-9. [Persian]

Mohamadnia A, Mohamadsharifi A, Sheykhi A. The Relationship between Islamic Values and Organizational Citizenship Behavior with Role Mediator of work conscience. Islam and management research 2016; 6(13): 97-113. [Persian]

Tabatabaee SMH. Al-Mizan fi Tafsir al-Quran. Translated by Mousavi Hamedani SMB. Qom: Publication of the Society of Teachers; 1995. [Persian]

Anabestani M, Saeedikia M. Professional Ethics. Tehran: Aha; 2015. [Persian]

Makarem Shirazi N. Tafsir-e Nemooneh. 12th ed. Tehran: Darulkabul Eslamiyya; 1995. [Persian]

Koonmee K, Singhapakdi A, Virakul B, Lee D. Ethic’s institutionalization, quality of work life and employee job-related outcome: A survey of human resource manegers in Thailand. Journal of Business Research 2010; 15(63): 20-26.

Khodayari Zarnagh R, Abbasi M, Arablou J, Mobbaseri KH, Tourani S, Esmaeili A. Study the status of moral values; A survey in Tehran teaching- therapeutic hospitals. Biothics Journal 2013; 3(10): 93-115. [Persian]

Naderi N, Ghabezloo T. Investigating the Charter of Organizational Ethics Using the Word of Amir Mu'minnan in Nahj al-Balaghah. Qazvin: Thrid Conference on Psychology, Educational Sciences and LifeStyle with International Approach; 2016. p.1-12. [Persian]

Khaki GH. Professional Ethics Management in Organization. Tehran: Fuzhan; 2013. [Persian]

Scanlon C, Glover J. A professional code of ethics: providing a moral compass for turbulent times. Oncology Nursing Forum 1995; 22(10): 1515-1521.

Farmihani Farahani M, Ashrafi F. Principles of Professional Ethics in Nahj al-Balaghah. Research Journal Alawi, Institute of Humanities and Cultural Studies 2014; 5(1): 67-86. [Persian]

Nasiri E, Hoseini N. Effective ethical values in organizational health from the perspective of the words of the innocents. Islam and Management Research 2013; 3(1): 115-136. [Persian]

Mohamadi M, Golverdi M. Components of professional ethics in the organization, with a pattern of religious principles. Quarterly of Islam & Management 2013; 2(3): 161-170. [Persian]

Habibian S, Yari H, Ghanbarloo A. The role of professional ethics, work ethics, organizational performance; Searching for a model based on Islamic values. Hamedan: 2nd National Conference on Management and Business; 2014. p.1-18. [Persian]

Woodbine G, Fan YH, See H. The Moral Business Tone of Organizations and its Impact on the Ethical Decision Making of Employees. Academy of Taiwan Business Management Review 2014; 10(3): 7-19.

Tammara Petrill, T. The Effect of Personal Values, Organizational Values, and Person-Organization Fit on Ethical Behaviors and Organizational Commitment Outcomes among Substance Abuse Counselors: A Preliminary Investigation (Doctoral dissertation). USA: University of Iowa; 2013.

Mohajeran B, Shohoodi M. Structural modeling of relationship between professional ethics, spirituality at work with social responsibility among nurses in the public hospitals in Kermanshah city. Quaterly Journal of Nursing Management 2014; 3(2): 20-29. [Persian]

Ghasemzadeh A, Zovar T, Mahdioun R, Rezaei A. Relation between Professional Ethics with Social Responsibility and Individual Accountability: Mediating Role of Serving Culture. Ethics in Science and Technology 2014; 9(2): 1-8. [Persian]

Riahi L, Reisi P, Mohammadzadeh Wardikhani M. Relationship between nurses' accountability and professional nursing ethics in Babol Shahid Beheshti Hospital. Nursing Development in Health. Aligoodarz Nursing College Analytic Research Journal 2014; 5(8/9): 67-73. [Persian]

Schweidtmann W. Professional ethics and identity on the background of a changed definition of nursing: Results of a comparative study of physicians and nurses. Pflege 1997; 10(1): 4-9.

Adams J. Professional ethics. A case study of infusion nurse consultants. Journal of Intravenous Nursing 2000; 23(6): 371-377.

Memarian R, Salsali M, Vanaki Z, Ahmadi F, Hajizadeh E. Professional ethics as an important factor in clinical competency in nursing. Nursing Ethics 2007; 14(2): 203-214.

Dehghani A, Mosalanejad L, Dehghan-Nayeri N. Factors affecting professional ethics in nursing practice in Iran: a qualitative study. BMC Medical Ethics 2015; 8(16): 61-72.

Parandavar N, Rahmanian A, Badiyepeymaie Jahromi Z. A Study of the Relationship Between Nurses' Professional Self-Concept and Professional Ethics in Hospitals Affiliated to Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Global Journal Health Science 2015; 8(4): 82-88.

Salimi H, Bashirgonbadi S, Javdan M, Haji Alizadeh K, Sadeghian M. Nurses' Quality of Communication and its Relationship with Psychological Strain and Perceived Work Difficulty among Nurses Working in Hospitals of Malayer. Medical Ethics Journal 2019; 13(44): 1-11. [Persian]

Mohammadpoory Z, Shirozhan SH, Hosseini MA, Abbasi A, Abdolreza Gharehbagh Z. The Relationship between Organizational Health and Professional Ethics of Nurses Working in Educational Hospitals Affiliated to Shahroud University of Medical Sciences in 2017. Medical Ethics Journal 2018; 12(43): 1-7. [Persian]

Dehghani A, Mohamadkhan Kermanshahi S. The Observance of Professional Ethics Criteria in Nursing Performance from the Perspective of Nursing Staff of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. New Care, Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Faculty 2012; 9(3): 208-216. [Persian]

Narimani H. The study of the ethics of professional ethics in management with the Islamic approach. Tehran: International Conference on Management & Accounting; 2016. p.1-11. [Persian]


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License

This journal is distributed under the terms of CC BY-NC 4.0. Copyright © 2017 Medical Ethics Journal. All rights reserved. All credits and honors to PKP for their OJS.

For Author | Online Submission | About Contact