Professional Ethics in the Field of Psychology and Counseling (Take a Look at Client’s Confidentiality and Privacy)

Keywords: Professional ethics, Disclosure of professional secrets, Confidentiality, Privacy, Psychotherapy


Background and Aim: Confidentiality and privacy are references to fundamental principles and important pillars of therapeutic relationship and professional ethics in the field of psychological and counseling activities. Psychologists and counselors are required to protect their clients' secrets in accordance with their professional and legal duty. The purpose of this study was to explain the dimensions of confidentiality and disclosure of secrets in the field of psychotherapy services and to consult and analyze the existing laws in this area.

Materials and Methods: In this research, the ethical code of the organization of psychology and counseling and related laws has been analyzed.

Findings: According to the ethical code of the organization of the psychological and legal system, psychologists and counselors are required to maintain the secrets of their clients. Accordingly, if a psychologist or counsel discloses the secrets of his clients, he has a legal responsibility. Of course, it's important to note that confidentiality is relative and that there may be circumstances in which a specialist, under the law, is required to violate the confidentiality and disclosure of his clients' information.

Ethical Considerations: Integrity and honesty in reporting, ducumanting citing of resourdes were observed. This research is carried out at personal expense without any financial support.

Conclusion: This study suggests that confidentiality and privacy of the clients is an issue that has been neglected in Iran. There are significant deficiencies in the ethics code and laws that need to be reviewed in light of new issues and challenges. At the same time, professional ethics and confidentiality issues should be considered in the curriculum and retraining courses.


Cite this article as: Vesal M. Professional Ethics in the Field of Psychology and Counseling (Take a Look at Client’s Confidentiality and Privacy). Med Ethics J 2019; 13(44): e3.


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Original/Research Article