Professional Ethics in the Field of Psychology and Counseling (Take a Look at Client’s Confidentiality and Privacy)

Mina Vesal

Abstract


58

Background and Aim: Confidentiality and privacy are references to fundamental principles and important pillars of therapeutic relationship and professional ethics in the field of psychological and counseling activities. Psychologists and counselors are required to protect their clients' secrets in accordance with their professional and legal duty. The purpose of this study was to explain the dimensions of confidentiality and disclosure of secrets in the field of psychotherapy services and to consult and analyze the existing laws in this area.

Materials and Methods: In this research, the ethical code of the organization of psychology and counseling and related laws has been analyzed.

Findings: According to the ethical code of the organization of the psychological and legal system, psychologists and counselors are required to maintain the secrets of their clients. Accordingly, if a psychologist or counsel discloses the secrets of his clients, he has a legal responsibility. Of course, it's important to note that confidentiality is relative and that there may be circumstances in which a specialist, under the law, is required to violate the confidentiality and disclosure of his clients' information.

Ethical Considerations: Integrity and honesty in reporting, ducumanting citing of resourdes were observed. This research is carried out at personal expense without any financial support.

Conclusion: This study suggests that confidentiality and privacy of the clients is an issue that has been neglected in Iran. There are significant deficiencies in the ethics code and laws that need to be reviewed in light of new issues and challenges. At the same time, professional ethics and confidentiality issues should be considered in the curriculum and retraining courses.

 

Cite this article as: Vesal M. Professional Ethics in the Field of Psychology and Counseling (Take a Look at Client’s Confidentiality and Privacy). Med Ethics J 2019; 13(44): e3.


Keywords


Professional ethics; Disclosure of professional secrets; Confidentiality; Privacy; Psychotherapy

Full Text:

PDF

19

References


Imani Pour M. Ethical principles in education. IJME 2012; 5(6): 27-41. [Persian]

Ebrahimian S, Saed O. Professional Code of Ethics of Psychologists in Iran, United States and Germany: A Comparative Study. MIJ 2019; 12(43): 13. [Persian]

Kiani A, Navabi Nejad S, Ahamadi K. Personality traits and professional ethics in counselors and psychologists. Andisha va Raftar 2008; 2(8): 79-90. [Persian]

Kadivar M, Jannat Makan Z. Moral Dilemmas and Realistic Vision in the Field of Health with regard to Confidentiality. IJME 2014; 6(6): 56-63. [Persian]

Nourozi M, Salari P. Interacting with Media: The Importance of Patient Privacy. IJME 2015; 8(2): 86-89. [Persian]

Sheikhtaheri A, Kimiafar K, Barati Marnani A. Knowledge of Physicians, Nurses and Medical Record Personnel about Legal Aspects of Medical Records in Teaching Hospitals Affiliated to Kashan University of Medical Sciences. Health Information Management 2010; 7(2): 136-146. [Persian]

Fisher MA. Protecting confidentiality rights: The need for an ethical practice model. American Psychologist 2008; 63(1): 1-13.

Lustgarten SD. Emerging ethical threats to client privacy in cloud communication and data storage. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 2015; 46(3): 154-160.

Parsa M. Medicine and patients' privacy. IJME 2009; 2(4): 1-14. [Persian]

Nazari Tavakoli S, Nejadsarvari N. Confidentiality: a comparative study between medical ethics principles and Islamic ethics. IJME 2013; 5(7): 40-54. [Persian]

Donner MB, Vande Creek L, Gonsiorek JC, Fisher CB. Balancing confidentiality: Protecting privacy and protecting the public. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 2008; 39(3): 369a.

Yazdanian A, Abdolahzade, M. Confidentiality; Right of patient and civil responsibility of the doctor. MEJ 2016; 10(35): 199-227. [Persian]

Afshar L, Nemati A. Privacy in Research on Human Subjects Based on the Islamic Teachings. Scientific Journal Management System 2010; 3(Issue 8-9): 59-74. [Persian]

Banae Niasari M, Manouchehri M. Legal Protection of Secrets and Privacy in Information Technology Age. Judgment 2015; 15(83): 121-141. [Persian]

Ghomashi S. Investigation of Disclosure of Professional Secrets. Dadrasi 2006; 58: 3-6. [Persian]

Biabani N. The Basics of Disclosure of Professional Secrets [master Thesis]. Tehran: Azad University; 2011. [Persian]

Mirahmadian A. School Consultant and Confidentiality Challenge. Growth Magazines 2013; 8(4): 42-44. [Persian]

Javadpour M, Tabibi Jabali M. A study of medical confidentiality in jurisprudence and law. Medical Law Journal 2010; 4(13): 133-160. [Persian]

Meghdadi MM, Delavari M. The Civil Liability Due to Revealing Medical Secrets in Iran's Law and Common Law. Medical Law Journal 2014; 8(30): 99-145. [Persian]

Sadock B, Sadock V. Kaplan and Sadock's Synopsis of Psychiatry: Behavioral Sciences/ Clinical Psychiatry. 11th ed. New York: Wolter Kluwer; 2015.

Javadpour M, Tabibi Jabali M. The jurisprudential and legal nature of privacy in medical records. Teb va Tazkieh 2017; 19(3): 35-43. [Persian]

Khademalhosseini Z, Jowkar S, Zahedi F, Mahmoodian F. Reviews of medical students ideas regarding maintain or disclosure the disease of patients with AIDS in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Medical Ethics Journal 2010; 4(10): 75-85. [Persian]

Noorbala A. Privacy in Psychiatry. Teb va Tazkieh 1994; 3(2): 111-115. [Persian]

Labaf F. Child policemen: The role of police children in dealing with child abuse from the perspective of police and welfare professionals. Danesh Entezami 2014; 16(2): 43-62. [Persian]

Salehi H, Esmaelipour M. Contemplation on the Child Abuse Act with an Emphasis on the Protection of Children and Adolescents in 1381. Biannual Journal of Family Law and Jurisprudence 2014; 19(61): 117-142. [Persian]

Ghaderi Nansa L, Yarmohammadian M, Raeisi A, Tavakoli N. Medical Record Information Disclosure Laws and Policies for Purpose Law Enforcement among Selected Countries. Health Information Management 2001; 8(3): 335-344. [Persian]

Taghavifard M, Taghva M, Faghihi M, Jamshidi M. A Comparative Study on Information Privacy Protection Acts in Iran and Selected Countries. Majlis and Rahbord 2017; 24(89): 301-333. [Persian]

Fernández-Alemán JL, Señor IC, Lozoya PÁO, Toval A. Security and privacy in electronic health records: A systematic literature review. Journal of Biomedical Informatics 2013; 46(3): 541-562.

Sadat Akhavi M. Basis and Goal of Physicians’ Disciplinary Liability and the Moral End of Medical Law. Medical Law Journal 2015; 9(32): 11-52. [Persian]

Gholami A. Minority, Insanity and the Like as Factors Impeding or Excusing Criminal Responsibility. Islamic Law Research Journal 2013; 14(37): 53-77. [Persian]

Abbasi M. Disclosure of the secrets of patients. 1st ed. Tehran: Hoghogi Publication; 2003. [Persian]

Zeraat A. Description of the Islamic Penal Code. 1st ed. Tehran: Ghoghnoos publication; 2001. [Persian]

Taghizadeh E, Abbasi MS. A. Civil liability of physicians for emergency patients (With comparative study of law Iran and the United Kingdom). Medical Law Journal 2015; 9(33): 11-54. [Persian]

Ahamadi K, Akhavi Z, Raisi F, Rahimi A. Evaluating the rate of observing ethics among counselors and psychologists. Journal of Applied Science 2008; 9(34): 49-67. [Persian]

Sedghi Sabet M, Parvaresh M, Baghaee M, Kazemnejad L, Janipour M. Investigation on Knowledge Situation and Observation of Legal Aspects and Its Related Factors in Nurses. Medical Law Journal 2018; 11(43): 147-172. [Persian]


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License

This journal is distributed under the terms of CC BY-NC 4.0. Copyright © 2017 Medical Ethics Journal. All rights reserved. All credits and honors to PKP for their OJS.

For Author | Online Submission | About Contact