The Challenges of Euthanasia in People under the Age of 18

  • Shahriar Moosavinejad Assistant Medical Ethics, Medical Ethics Group, Faculty of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: Euthanasia, Children under 18 years of age, Ability to diagnosis


Background and Aim: The issue of euthanasia has been a matter of ethical medicine since the away times in the field of ethics, and have serious advisers and opponents. Their attitudes are based on the philosophy of "right" and "the right to life" and "the right to die", and on the other hand, the opposition, based on the principles The philosophy of "duty-oriented" or "philosophy of virtue." According to the philosophy of "the right", the discussion of "the right to choose easy death" or "euthanasia" in people under the age of 18 years is also raised and In 2014 Belgium acknowledged that there were many controversies about it, including the right to choose, the right to choose, the ability to withstand this responsibility and eligibility. Enough to do this.

Materials and Methods: In this article, a narrative review based on the searches of the words "Euthanasia" and "Children" on Iranian and foreign sites, including google scholar & Pupmed, between 2011 and 2017, as well as review of articles, articles and articles on "Children's Rights" in domestic sources, attempts to gather content and It has been analyzed

Findings: In the review, it was determined that socio-religious differences, religious, ethical and customary doctrines, and the attitude towards the "right" issue in the issue of euthanasia in children under the age of 18 years were very high in different countries, and at the same time different from the issue of euthanasia in adults. Particular complexities.

Ethical Considerations: Honesty and non-profit in the report of texts and resources, reference to valid sources and attempts to avoid any bias. This research is carried out at a personal expense without any financial support or central affiliation.

Conclusion: Euthanasia license generally, and for people under the age of 18, should be considered in particular, regardless of individual rights. Also, attention to principles such as respect for the autonomy of individuals due to limitations and specifics of it in different countries, cultures and religions, and the complexity of the issue under discussion, alone and without regard to the principles of profitability, lack of financial and justice to decide on this issue It is not enough and, like many moral challenges, it needs to be more explicit and comprehensive in order to arrive at acceptable solutions with more varied analytical approaches.


Cite this article as: Moosavinejad SH. The Challenges of Euthanasia in People under the Age of 18. Med Ethics J. 2018; 12(43): e16.


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