Forgiveness and reconsidering its role in nurses’ caring behavior and mental-physical health

  • Mohammad Reza Khodabakhsh دکتراي روانشناسي عمومي، دانشکده روانشناسي و علوم تربيتي، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائي، تهران، ايران. (نویسنده مسؤول)
  • Fariba Kiani دکتراي روانشناسي، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد شهرکرد، باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان و نخبگان، شهرکرد، ايران.
Keywords: Nursing, Forgiveness, Mental and physical health, Medical practice


Considering patients' rights in field of health services play important role in improving and regulating the nurse-patient relationship and have high importance in managing health system. Health care quality and service excellence are major differentiating features between health care organizations. Nurses play a pivotal role in patient care. Forgiveness is relevant to the medical community and has implications for the health and well-being of patients and nurses. The current research has been done to investigate the role of forgiveness in physical and mental health and nurse-patient relationship.

Data bases of Science direct, Oxford journal, Springer, Sage, Taylor & Francis and Google scholar were searched to retrieve the related literature. The main criteria for entry were, the literature published in English language in the disciplines of nursing and health care sciences. Literature search was limited to 1980-2013 with the keywords of "Nursing ", "Forgiveness", "Mental and physical health" and "Medical practice" in the title of texts. The initial search resulted in 1175 texts, 315 of them deemed relevant to our analysis. Then 50 texts (25 percent of those) were selected and considered.

The results of this study indicate the forgiveness have critical role in promoting mental and physical health; improve the patient-nurse relationship and interaction with physician in care settings. Patients occasionally create un forgiveness toward physicians whose decisions, and often mistakes, result in suffering by the patients or their families.

The results of this study indicate the importance of forgiveness role in clinical setting, and the necessity of attention to this component in training nurses as major members of medical care team.


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