• Logo
  • SBMUJournals

Constructing and standardizing a positivism questionnaire through an Islamic- Iranian approach

Lida Sabagh kermani, seyyed mohammad Hossein Mousavi Nasab
4

Views


Abstract

For downloading the full-text of this article please click here.

Background and Objective: Due to the importance of an Islamic-Iranian scale in the domain of positivism, the present paper aimed to develop an instrument for measuring the positivism based on the Islamic sources and Iranian culture.

Method: First, the theoretical underpinnings were collected and studied. Then, positivism was defined as a theoretical and practical approach to the positive values related to God, self, others and nature considering the present, past and future. This leads to the better quality of life or improves the welfare. Next, the views of the scholars and experts were used to determine the subjects of the considered scales. The scale was studied in the first steps of experiments and then the required modifications were applied. In this research, all the Ethical issues were observed and authors declared no conflicts of interest.

Results: At the end, the final questionnaire was distributed among 330 undergraduate students and its reliability as well as its validity were measured through Alpha Cronbach tests (.96) and stochastic factorial analysis (four general factors related to God, self, others and nature).

Conclusion: The results of these studies and analyses indicate the desirable reliability and validity of the considered scales as we can use them in the fields of measurement, research and consultation.

For downloading the full-text of this article please click here.

Please cite this article as: Sabagh kermani L, Mousavi Nasab SMH. Constructing and standardizing a positivism questionnaire through an Islamic- Iranian approach. J Res Relig Health. 2019; 5(2): 60- 74. doi: https://doi.org/10.22037/jrrh.v5i2.17660


Keywords

Islamic-Iranian Approach; Mental health; Questionnaire; Validation

References

Carr A. Positive psychology: The science of happiness and human strengths: Routledge; 2013.

Seligman ME, Csikszentmihalyi M. Positive psychology: An introduction. Flow and the foundations of positive psychology: Springer; 2014. p. 279-98.

Peterson C, Seligman ME. Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and classification: Oxford University Press; 2004.

Lopez SJ, Pedrotti JT, Snyder CR. Positive psychology: The scientific and practical explorations of human strengths: Sage Publications; 2018.

Ebrahimi A, Aarabi S, Khaluei M-M. Comparing the Mental Health and Some Positive Psychologic Factors Including Happiness, Hope and Spirituality among Students of Medicine in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, during Years of Education. Journal of Isfahan Medical School. 2014;31(261). (Full Text in Persian)

Sin NL, Lyubomirsky S. Enhancing well‐being and alleviating depressive symptoms with positive psychology interventions: A practice‐friendly meta‐analysis. Journal of clinical psychology. 2009;65(5):467-87.

Proyer RT, Wellenzohn S, Gander F, Ruch W. Toward a better understanding of what makes positive psychology interventions work: Predicting happiness and depression from the person× intervention fit in a follow‐up after 3.5 years. Applied Psychology: Health and Well‐Being. 2015;7(1):108-28.

Sanjuán P, Montalbetti T, Pérez‐García AM, Bermúdez J, Arranz H, Castro A. A randomised trial of a positive intervention to promote well‐being in cardiac patients. Applied Psychology: Health and Well‐Being. 2016;8(1):64-84.

Yadollahpour M, Hasanzadeh R, Fazeli Kebria M. Comparative study on “Improvement of Quality of Life” from the Viewpoint of Islam and Positivist Psychologists. Journal of Research & Health. 2014;1(1):72-81. (Full Text in Persian)

Mohammadi Rey Shahri M. Mezan Alhekmat. Qom: Daralhadith; 2005. 1. (Full Text in Arabic)

The holy Quran. Al-hood. Verse 61. Translated by: Ayatollah Al-ozma Naser Makarem Shirazi. Qom: Imam Ali Ebne Abi Taleb (Ýa); 2013. (Full Text in Arabic)

Khodayari fard M, Ghobari Bonab H. Positive thinking: Research plan at Tehran University; 2011. (Full Text in Persian)

Imam Ali (PBUH). Nahjul-Balagha, Translate by: Dashti, M. Qom: Mashhoor; 2008. Saying 333. (Full Text in Arabic)

The holy Quran. Ale Emran. Verse 132. Translated by: Ayatollah Al-ozma Naser Makarem Shirazi. Qom: Imam Ali Ebne Abi Taleb (Ýa); 2013. (Full Text in Arabic)

The holy Quran. Al-Baghareh. Verse 62. Translated by: Ayatollah Al-ozma Naser Makarem Shirazi. Qom: Imam Ali Ebne Abi Taleb (Ýa); 2013. (Full Text in Arabic)

The holy Quran. Al-Baghareh. Verse 153. Translated by: Ayatollah Al-ozma Naser Makarem Shirazi. Qom: Imam Ali Ebne Abi Taleb (Ýa); 2013. (Full Text in Arabic)

Tabatabayi M. Almizan. Qom: Jame-e Modarresin-e Huzeh Elmiyeh; 2009. (Full Text in Persian)

The holy Quran. Ale Emran. Verse 146. Translated by: Ayatollah Al-ozma Naser Makarem Shirazi. Qom: Imam Ali Ebne Abi Taleb (Ýa); 2013. (Full Text in Arabic)

Sadeghiniri R, Ellahiyari M. Positive Thinking and Optimism in the Nahjolbalagheh. Journal of Nahjolbalagha. 2013;1(1):63-74. (Full Text in Persian)

Motahari M. Review of Nahjolbalegheh. Tehran: Mollasadra; 2005. (Full Text in Persian)

Mohammadi M. Mezan Alhekmat;2005. (Full Text in Arabic)

The holy Quran, Ebrahim. Verse 7. Translated by: Ayatollah Al-ozma Naser Makarem Shirazi. Qom: Imam Ali Ebne Abi Taleb (Ýa); 2013. (Full Text in Arabic)

Imam Ali (PBUH). Nahjul-Balagha, Translate by: Dashti,M . Qom: Mashhoor; 2006. Sermon 114. (Full Text in Arabic)

The holy Quran, al-Raad. Verse 26. Translated by: Ayatollah Al-ozma Naser Makarem Shirazi. Qom: Imam Ali Ebne Abi Taleb (Ýa); 2013. (Full Text in Arabic)

Mir bagher N, Khleghi M. Effect of Prayer on the anxiety level in the family members of patients undergoing general surgery in Shahid Beheshti Hospital of Kashan. Community Health journal. 2014;8(1):1-8. (Full Text in Persian)

The holy Quran, Al-meeraj. Verse 20. Translated by: Ayatollah Al-ozma Naser Makarem Shirazi. Qom: Imam Ali Ebne Abi Taleb (Ýa); 2013. (Full Text in Arabic)

Arefian G, Arefian M. Relationship between return and positive thinking based on Islamic resources. The first conference of Islamic psychology; Hormozghan2014. (Full Text in Persian)

The holy Quran. Al-Baghareh. Verse 37-38. Translated by: Ayatollah Al-ozma Naser Makarem Shirazi. Qom: Imam Ali Ebne Abi Taleb (Ýa); 2013. (Full Text in Arabic)

Pirouze Z. Submits position at the Qur'an and hadith. Tehran: Islamic Azad University; 1997. (Full Text in Persian)

Imam Ali (PBUH). Nahjul-Balagha, Translate by: Dashti, M. Qom: Mashhoor; 2006. Saying 386. (Full Text in Arabic)

Javadi Amoli A. Nasim Andisheh. Qom: Asra publication; 2010. (Full Text in Persian)

The holy Quran. Al-Taha, verse 15. Translated by: Ayatollah Al-ozma Naser Makarem Shirazi. Qom: Imam Ali Ebne Abi Taleb (Ýa); 2013.

Imam Ali (PBUH). Nahjul-Balagha, Translate by: Dashti,M. Qom: Mashhoor; 2006. Saying 449. (Full Text in Arabic)

The holy Quran. Al-Asra, verse 70. Translated by: Ayatollah Al-ozma Naser Makarem Shirazi. Qom: Imam Ali Ebne Abi Taleb (Ýa); 2013. (Full Text in

Arabic)

Khomeini R. Sahifeie-Noor. Tehran: The Revolution Cultural Documents; 1988. (Full Text in Persian)

The holy Quran. Al-Baghareh, verse 30. Translated by: Ayatollah Al-ozma Naser Makarem Shirazi. Qom: Imam Ali Ebne Abi Taleb (Ýa); 2013. (Full Text in Arabic)

Imam Ali (PBUH). Nahjul-Balagha, Translate by: Dashti,M. Qom: Mashhoor; 2006. Saying 91. (Full Text in Arabic)

Imam Ali (PBUH). Nahjul-Balagha, Translate by: Dashti,M. Qom: Mashhoor; 2006. Saying 175. (Full Text in Arabic)

Imam Ali (PBUH). Nahjul-Balagha, Translate by: Dashti,M. Qom: Mashhoor; 2006. Saying 439. (Full Text in Arabic)

Imam Ali (PBUH). Nahjul-Balagha, Translate by: Dashti,M. Qom: Mashhoor; 2006. Saying 267. (Full Text in Arabic)

Imam Ali (PBUH). Nahjul-Balagha, Translate by: Dashti,M. Qom: Mashhoor; 2006. saying 143. (Full Text in Arabic)

Imam Ali (PBUH). Nahjul-Balagha, Translate by: Dashti,M. Qom: Mashhoor; 2006. saying 50. (Full Text in Arabic)

The holy Quran. Al-Baghareh, verse 216. Translated by: Ayatollah Al-ozma Naser Makarem Shirazi. Qom: Imam Ali Ebne Abi Taleb (Ýa); 2013. (Full Text in Arabic)

Imam Ali (PBUH). Nahjul-Balagha, Translate by: Dashti,M. Qom: Mashhoor; 2006. saying 42. (Full Text in Arabic)

The holy Quran. Al-Raad, verse 11. Translated by: Ayatollah Al-ozma Naser Makarem Shirazi. Qom: Imam Ali Ebne Abi Taleb (Ýa); 2013. (Full Text in Arabic)

Tavanaee M, Salimi A. The effectiveness of positive thinking in view of the holly Qoran and Hatith. journal of science and Maaref. 2010;2(7):39-66.

Imam Ali (PBUH). Nahjul-Balagha, Translate by: Dashti, M. Qom: Mashhoor; 2006. Saying 114. (Full Text in Arabic)

The holy Quran. Al-Hjarat, verse 12. Translated by: Ayatollah Al-ozma Naser Makarem Shirazi. Qom: Imam Ali Ebne Abi Taleb (Ýa); 2013. (Full Text in Arabic)

The holy Quran. Al-Nesae, verse 149. Translated by: Ayatollah Al-ozma Naser Makarem Shirazi. Qom: Imam Ali Ebne Abi Taleb (Ýa); 2013. (Full Text in Arabic)

Imam Ali (PBUH). Nahjul-Balagha, Translate by:

Dashti,M. Qom: Mashhoor; 2006. Saying 178. (Full Text in Arabic)

Aghababaee N, Inatlo M. Role of Grateful to God and appreciate the role of temperament in the quality of sleep. Psychology and Religion. 2010;4:37-88. (Full Text in Persian)

Javadi Amoli A. Mafatih-o-alhaiat. Qom: Asra; 2012. (Full Text in Persian)

The holy Quran. Al-Malek, verse 3. Translated by: Ayatollah Al-ozma Naser Makarem Shirazi. Qom: Imam Ali Ebne Abi Taleb (Ýa); 2013. (Full Text in Arabic)

The holy Quran. Al-Zariat, verse 20-21. Translated by: Ayatollah Al-ozma Naser Makarem Shirazi. Qom: Imam Ali Ebne Abi Taleb (Ýa); 2013. (Full Text in Arabic)

Sarmad Z, Bazarghan A, Hejazi A. Research Methods in Behavioral Science. Tehran: Aghah; 2010. (Full Text in Persian)


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.