Interpersonal Forgiveness based on Spiritual Intelligence Components among High School Male Students of Tabriz

Keywords: Forgiveness, Intelligence, Spirituality, Students

Abstract

For downloading the full-text of this article please click here.

Background and Objective: Forgiveness is a concept taken into consideration in religion and positive psychology, and its constructive role has been emphasized in mental health as well as creating healthy relationships. Different factors can influence forgiveness one of which seems to be spiritual intelligence. Given that, this study aims at prediction of interpersonal forgiveness based on spiritual intelligence components among high school male students of Tabriz.

Method: This study had a descriptive correlational approach. A sample of 250 students were selected according to the Morgan table using multi-stage cluster sampling among second-grade high schools of Tabriz city; they filled Spiritual intelligence scale of Abdullahzadeh and interpersonal forgiveness of Ehteshamzadeh & et al. The data were analyzed using statistical methods of Pearson Correlation and Multivariate linear regression. All ethical issues were observed in this study and the researchers declared no conflict of interests.

Results: The results indicated a significant and positive relation of "understanding and communication with the origin of the universe", "Spiritual life with the inner core" and "intrinsic orientation" with interpersonal forgiveness (P<0.05), Furthermore, spiritual life could significantly predict interpersonal forgiveness.

Conclusion: According to the results it can be said spirituality is the search for the sacred elements, meaning, high awareness and excellence, and spiritual intelligence is the ability to use these subjects that can predict the function and adaptability of individuals so that they have greater forgiveness.For downloading the full-text of this article please click here.

Please cite this article as: Bayrami M, Mohammadi D. Interpersonal Forgiveness based on Spiritual Intelligence Components among High School

Male Students of Tabriz. J Res Relig Health. 2019; 5(1): 19- 28. doi: https://doi.org/10.22037/jrrh.v5i1.17576


References

Bahramiyan O, Bahramiyan S, Mam Elahi B. Examining the potential for forgiveness in society and the impact of social capital on it. Journal of Social Studies in Iran. 2016;11(46):46-69. (Full Text in Persian)

Bradfield M, Aquino KJJom. The effects of blame

attributions and offender likableness on forgiveness and revenge in the workplace. 1999;25(5):607-31.

Lavafpour Noori F, Zahrakar K, Sanai Zaker B. A Study of Effectiveness of Group Forgiveness Therapy in Reducing Aggression among 11-13 Year Old Male Adolescents in City of Dezful. Journal of Sciences Medical of University Sadoughi Shahid. 2012;20(4):489-500. (Full Text in Persian)

Orbon M, Mercado J, Balila JJP-S, Sciences B. Effects of forgiveness therapy on recovery among residents of drug rehabilitation centers. 2015;165:12-20.

Webb JR, Robinson EA, Brower KJJATQ. Forgiveness and mental health among people entering outpatient treatment with alcohol problems. 2009;27(4):368-88.

Beygi A, Mohammadifar MA, Najafi M, Rezayi AM. Relationship of Spirituality and Forgiveness with Family Cohesion and Adaptability in Veterans. Quarterly of Iranian Journal of War & Public Health. 2016;8(1):33-9. (Full Text in Persian)

Daneshgar M. Forgiveness from the perspective of psychology and Christian theology. Journal of philosophical and theological researches. 2010;50:107-16. (Full Text in Persian)

Romero C, Friedman LC, Kalidas M, Elledge R, Chang J, Liscum KRJJoBM. Self-forgiveness, spirituality, and psychological adjustment in women with breast cancer. 2006;29(1):29-36.

Kalantari M, Esmaeili M. Analytical overview on the theory of positive psychology [Available from: http://ui.ac.ir/Dorsapax/userfiles/Sub26/Dr.kalantari-Dr.esmaili.pdf. (Full Text in Persian)

Zimmer Z, Jagger C, Chiu C-T, Ofstedal MB, Rojo F, Saito YJS-ph. Spirituality, religiosity, aging and health in global perspective: A review. 2016;2:373-81.

Ardalan MR, Sechehani Z, Serchehani M. The relationship of teachers, Spiritual intelligence to Quality of work life in District 2 primary teachers in Shiraz. Journal of New Approaches in Educational Administration. 2014;5(1):81-102. (Full Text in Persian)

Khodapanahi M, Saleh sedghpoor B, Asghari A, Harirchi I, Katibaei J. The structural relationships between social support and hope in patients with cancer. Journal of Psychology. 2010;14:284-98. (Full Text in Persian)

Mikaeli Manee F, Babaee Z, Hasani M. Investigating the Relationship between Religiousness, Spiritual Intelligence and Forgiveness with Social Adjustment in First Year Students. Psychology and Religion. 2016;9(1):123-42. (Full Text in Persian)

Zohar D. Spiritual intelligence: The ultimate

intelligence: Bloomsbury publishing; 2012.

Yang K-P, Mao X-YJIjons. A study of nurses’ spiritual intelligence: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey. 2007;44(6):999-1010.

Abdullahzadeh H, Keshmiri M, ArabAhmadi F. Spiritual Intelligence Scale. Tehran: Azmonyar Pouya; 2011. (Full Text in Persian)

Amraee K, Farahani A, Ebrahimi M, Bagherian V. Relationship between personality traits and spiritual intelligence among university students. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2011;15:609-12. (Full Text in Persian)

Leach MM, Lark RJP, differences i. Does spirituality add to personality in the study of trait forgiveness? 2004;37(1):147-56.

Amani M, Shiri E, Rajabi S. The Role of Spiritual and Emotional Intelligence in Predicting of Students’ Forgivenes. Knowledge & Research in Applied Psychology. 2014;1(15):73-80. (Full Text in Persian)

Ghafoori S, Mashhadi A, Hasan Abadi H. The effectiveness of spiritual psychotherapy based on forgiveness in order to increase marital satisfaction and prevent marital conflicts of couples in the city of Mashhad. Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health. 2013;15(4):45-57. (Full Text in Persian)

Ebrahimi O. Investigating the relation between Spiritual intelligence components and religious orientation dimensions with interpersonal forgiveness among students in high school of Tabriz city. Tabriz: Department of Human and Educational Sciences, Islamic Azad University- Tabriz Branch; 2015. (Full Text in Persian)

Arabgol F, Mahmoudi Gharaei J, Shoshtari M. The effect of education life skills on performance students in fourth grade. Advances in Cognitive Science.7(3):172-80. (Full Text in Persian)

Ebrahimi E, Navabinejad S. Compare the effectiveness of group counseling based on forgiveness and hope the general anxiety Secondary school students in Tehran. Journal of Family and forgiveness. 2013;10(3):55-75. (Full Text in Persian)

Ehteshamzadeh P, Ahadi H, Enayati MS, Heidari A. Construct and Validation of a Scale for Measuring Interpersonal Forgiveness. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology. 2011;16(3):443-55. (Full Text in Persian)

Hoseeni Nasab SD, Hashemi T, fotuhi S. The Relationship between Religious Orientation and Marital Adaptation. Journal of modern psychology research. 2009;4(14):82-93. (Full Text in Persian)

The holy Quran.Al-Baghareh. verse 178. Translated by: Fooladvand MM. Tehran: Office of Islamic history and Studies; 1998.

Published
2019-04-06
Section
Original Article