The Moderating Role of Religiosity in Relationship between Number of Children and Anxiety of Mothers with a Single Child and two or more Children

Keywords: Anxiety, Mothers, Religion


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Background and Objective: Although a number of studies have been done on the effects of the number of children on anxiety of their mothers, the whole picture is still far from clear; therefore, the present study aimed at examining moderating role of religiosity on the relationship of number of children and anxiety of parents with one child and more children.

Method: This study was a descriptive one through a correlational method. The population consisted of all women in Alborz and Tehran provinces in the academic year of 2014-2015. Through available convenience sampling, 384 were selected based on Morgan table. To respond the questionnaires, two groups of mothers were studied as the study population. The first group included mothers with one child and the second group included mothers with two or more children. Instruments of research included Khodayarifard et al (2009), Religiosity Questionnaire and Spielberger’s (1970) Trait-State Anxiety Inventory. All ethical issues were observed in this study and the researchers declared no conflict of interests.

Results: The results showed that religiosity is not capable of acting as a moderating variable in the relationship between the number of children and maternal anxiety. There was a significant relationship between the number of children and mothers' anxiety (R=0.118), but there was no significant relationship between the number of children and mothers' religiosity.

Conclusion: The results suggest that authorities of health sector as well as educators should pay more attention to religiosity and number of children and also the role of religiosity in decreasing anxiety in Iranian families.For downloading the full-text of this article please click here.

Please cite this article as: Safara M, Salmabadi M. The Moderating Role of Religiosity in Relationship between Number of Children and Anxiety of Mothers with a Single Child and two or more Children. J Res Relig Health. 2019; 5(1): 7- 18. doi:


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