• Logo
  • SBMUJournals

A Comparison of Human Development in Psychology and Nahj al-Balaghah

Seyede Elnaz Mousavi, Tahereh Elahi, Abbas Masjedi Arani, Leila Saleck Ebrahimi, Mina Jalilpour, Zahra Shahsavari
97

Views


Abstract

For downloading the full-text of this article please click here.

Background and Objective: From the viewpoint of psychologists, creation of human from birth to death has various stages, namely fetus, childhood, adolescence, youth, middle age, and old age. Apart from biological and cognitive features, these stages have particular social and emotional characteristics which transcend individuals. Imams (PBUT) have paid particular attention to educational recommendations for different ages due to their special characteristics. In this regard, the recommendations of Imam Ali (PBUH) considering ways of treating children, adolescents, and young people indicate his awareness of the difference in physical, cognitive and psychological characteristics and age-specific needs of individuals. Therefore, the present study was conducted with the aim of examining the developmental stages of human in Nahj al-Balaghah from Imam Ali's viewpoints and that of psychology.

Method: This study has adopted an analytical-library approach. After studying different books of psychology and Nahj al-Balaghah, the developmental stages of human, and its different characteristics were described. Books from the Islamic and religious sciences, especially those related to the words of Imam Ali in Nahj al-Balaghah as well as books related to the developmental psychology, and articles related to the religious field and psychology were used. During this research, all ethical issues were observed and authors reported no conflict of interests.

Results: The findings of psychologists such as Piaget, Eriksson in different embryonic, childhood, adolescence, youth and old age periods are in line with the statements of Imam Ali in Nahj al-Balaghah. From his point of view, each of the stages of development has a special sensitivity that needs to be addressed.

Conclusion: The developments in hereditary, social context, psychological and physical factors, and prenatal and postnatal stages were taken into account .In order for individuals to succeed in these stages of growth, beside proper nutrition and a rich environment, education and training tips are very influential. In addition to psychological approaches, in Nahj al-Balaghah issues such as parent-child relationships, making friends, marriage, and communication with the elderly have been pointed out.

For downloading the full-text of this article please click here.

Please cite this article as: Mousavi SE, Elahi T, Masjedi Arani A, Saleck Ebrahimi L, Jalilpour M, Shahsavari Z. A Comparison of Human Development in Psychology and Nahj al-Balaghah. J Res Relig Health. 2019; 4(5): 129- 140.


Keywords

Developmental Stages; Psychology; Nahj al-Balaghah

References

Mehr News Agency. The dimensions of human growth from the point of view of the Qur'an; from physical to intellectual and spiritual growth. Nowshahr adina site. 2014; Surah Tobeh, 100.

Razi Sh. Imam Ali, Amir al-Momenin Ali ibn Abi Talib (AS). translated by: Sada Mohammad Dashti, Publisher: Messer Mehr Justice. 2016; 71 : 354-509.

Shahrozy F. Teaching Teachings of the Prophet. Keihan cultural. 2006; 245-50.

Mahmood M. Genetic Psychology (psychological change from birth to aging). Tehran: Organization for the Study and Compilation of Humanities Books of Universities (Samt). 2010.

Berk L. Growth Psychology (From Fertilization to Childhood). Translated by Yahya Seyed Mohammadi, Tehran: Arasbaran. 2016; Vol:1.

Mokhber S. Reyhaneh Beheshti. Qom: Norozahra. 2003.

Mohammadali S. Parent behavior with children. Publication of the Board of Olivers and Coaches, Thirteenth Edition. 2011.

Ghoreishi H. Nahj al-Balagha's look at teens. Kowsar's promise. 2009.

Jafari MT. The human mission and the character of Ali (as). Islamic art. (BETA).

Khodayarifard M. Teens and Youth Issues. Publication of the Board of Olivers and Coaches. 2011; 11th edition.

Jahangir AH, Arani masjedi A, Mojtahedi SH, Taymiory N, Imani S, Habibi M. Comparing the efficacy of mental-based group therapy with preservative therapy on reducing risky behaviors and explosive anger in opiate abusers. Magazine of Basic Principles of Mental Health, Special Issue of the Third International Conference on Psychology and Education. 2016.

Mousavi M, Khoshkar A, Omidvar R, Sogh-al-Islam T. The development of morality in man from the point of view of Islamic scholars and new psychologists. Journal of Medical Ethics. 2008.

Beheshti A. Islam and the education of children. Tehran: Islamic Propaganda Organization. 2013; Second Edition.

Berk L. Growth Psychology (From Fertilization to Childhood). Translated by Yahya Seyed Mohammadi, Tehran: Arasbaran. 2016; Vol 2.

Taheri A. Leaf from anthropological office from Nahj al-Balaghah's perspective. Qom: Famous Publishing House. 1963.

Sharif R. Nahj al-Balaghah. Translation by Mostafa Zamani. Qom: Fatemeh Al-Zahra Publication. 2000; 91 & 519.

Amin Yazdi SA. Integrated Human Growth: An Evolution Model - Individual-Based Differences. Research Papers on the Basics of Education. 2012; 2 (1), 126-109.

Tahzhibi N, Javadnia A, Abyei Moghadam Z. The stages of human development and sexual education of children in Islam. 2nd National Congress of Family and Sexual Problems, Family Health Clinic. 2008.

Sabet H. Developmental stages in human. Regional conference on health research in Quran, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences. 2010.

Review the issues of education and psychology in the letter of Imam Ali (AS) to his son Hassan ibn Ali Ali al-Islam. Imamate Cultural Foundation website.1394; Wednesday 8 July.

Elahi T, Khosravi R, Rashidi Rashtabadi S, Akhavan A. Hopefulness and Mental Disorders in the Elderl. zumsj. 2014; 22 (92) :119-125.

Behrouz S, Nasri A. Pathology of human dignity from the perspective of Nahj al-Balaghah (epistemic factors). Quarterly Journal of Religious Human Research. 2014; Vol 12.

BIGDELI E, Elahi T. Study and Comparison of Emotional Intelligence among High- School Blind and Deaf Students. Exceptional Education. 2014; 4 (126) :22-31.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.