The Effect of Emotion-focused Couple Therapy Based on Religious Teachings on Social Compatibility and Marital Conflicts

  • Hamid Shamsipour Shamsipour Department of Clinical Psychology,School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Reza Norouzi kouhdasht Department of Educational Administration, Faculty of education and psychology,university of shiraz, International uni, Shiraz, Iran.
  • Hossein Mohammadi Department of Clinical Psychology,School of Medicine, Center for the Study of Religion and Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Elnaz Azari Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of education and psychology, University of Roodehen, Tehran, Iran.
  • Mohadeseh Norouzi Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
Keywords: Emotion-based couple therapy, Marital conflicts, Religious teachings, Socialcompatibility


For downloading the full-text of this article please click here.

Background and Objective:Marital conflicts of couples arise due to differences in their needs and satisfying them, self-orientation, irresponsible behavior, and conflict of demands. Social adaptation is adaptive behaviors acquired to meet the surrounding needs that often require the correction of impulses, excitements and attitudes. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of emotion-focused couple therapy based on religious teachings on social compatibility and marital conflicts of couples.

Method: The present study was a clinical trial in which a pre- and post-test with control group was used.The statistical population of this study included all couples referring to the family clinic of Shahid Beheshti University in 2016.40 couples were selected by available sampling method and placed in the group of emotion-focused couple therapy based on religious teachings(n=20) and control group (n=20).For the participants in the experimental group, 10 sessions of emotion-focused couple therapy based on religious teachings (90 minutes each session) were held once a week.To collect the data, the Bell's Social Adjustment Scale (BAI) and Marital Conflict Questionnaire (MCQ) were used. All ethical issues were observed in this study and the researchers declared no conflict of interests.

Results: The findings showed that teaching emotion-focused couple therapy based on religious instructionshas a significant effect on social compatibility of couples (0.34), emotional compatibility (0.59), and job compatibility (0.24, P<0.05). Decrease in cooperation, sex, relationship with the relatives of the spouse; increase in children's protection; loss of effective communication; and separating the finances were 0.37, 0.25, 0.48, 0.15, 0.43 and 0.17, respectively (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Religion in the family and the relationship between couples, religious practices, adherence to religious beliefs and values prevent conflicts of individual tendencies and couples, leading to shared patterns of behavior and social compatibility in the family.For downloading the full-text of this article please click here.


Behrad Far R, Bahrami F, Abedi M. comparative scrutiny of the effectiveness of Emotionally-Focused Couple Therapy (EFCT) and Narrative Couple Therapy (NCT) in the marital quality and emotional, cognitive and behavioral impaired functioning of distressed couples. Psychology Family. 2016:3-16. (Full Text in Persian)

Chaboki A. The study of intergenerational

relationships among women in Tehran's attitude to divorce and family functions. Journal of Women and Family Studies. 2014(159):1-185.

Mahmoudian H, khodamoradi H. Study of the relationship between divorce and social economic development in cities Country 2007. Quarterly Journal of Social Security Studies. 2011;23 (1):23-41.

Esmaeelpour Kh, Mahdavi N. predicted marital satisfaction based on beliefs of communication and communication skills. Journal of Family Research. 2014:29-44. (Full Text in Persian)

Sadral Ashrafi M, Khonakdar Tavosi M, Shamkhani A, Yousefi Afrashteh M. Pathology of divorce and ways to prevent it. Cultural Engineering Magazine. 2013;73(28):26-53.

Hamid N, Hyatbakhshi Malayeri L. Efficacy of l cognitive-behavioral religious psychotherapy combined with retraining relief reduce marital conflict and increased life satisfaction in couples. 2012(6):5-34. (Full Text in Persian)

Khirkhah M, Jinan S. Effect of group counseling on coping with infertility infertile women Alzahra Clinic. Journal of Obstetrics Gynecology and Infertility. 2014;17 (113):7-14.

Behjati Ardekani Z, Akhondi MM, Kamali k, Fazli Khalaf Z, Eskandari Sh, Ghorbani B. Mental health assessment referring to Avicenna Infertility Center, Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran. Reproduction and Infertility Journal of 2010. 2010;11 (45):319-24. (Full Text in Persian)

Fallahzadeh H, Senaiizaker. To evaluate the effectiveness of couple therapy and couples therapy combined system to reduce the anxiety of intimacy. Joural of Family Research 2012:465-84. (Full Text in Persian)

Ghasemi N, Kajbaf M, Rabie M. Effectiveness of group therapy based on subjective well-being, quality of life and mental health. Journal of Clinical Psychology.2011;3 (2):23-35. (Full Text in Persian)

Vizheh M, Pakgohar M, Babaei G, Ramezanzadeh F. Effect of counseling on quality of marital relationship of infertile couples: a randomized, controlled trial (RCT) study. Arch Gynecol Obstet 2013(287(3):583-9. (Full Text in Persian)

Zia-ul-Haq MS, Abdi H, Hashemabadi Ghanbari BA, Modares Gharavi M. Excited couple therapy based on marital adjustment. Journal of Family Studies. 2012; 8(29). (Full Text in Persian)

Ramazanadeh F, Norabala A, Abedinia N. Emotional adjustment in infertile patients. Journal Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery martyr Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services. 2010;20 (70):36- 44. (Full Text in Persian)

Mckinan JM. Reveating vulnerable emotion in couple therapy: Impact on session outcome. Journal of

family therapy. 2013;35(3):303-19.

Soltani A, Mahmudi M, Hosseini SA. Study of the effectiveness of emotional focused couple therapy on

intimacy of couples. Procedia- Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2012;82(3):461-5. (Full Text in Persian)

Shaeiri MR, Roshan R, Soltani M. The effects of emotional Focused Therapy on increasing the marriage suitability of barren couples. Journal of Behavioral Sciences 2013;6(4):383-9. (Full Text in Persian)

Johnson SM. The contribution of emotionally focused couple therapy.Journal of Contempt Psychotherap Psychotherapy. 2007;37(1):47-52.

Blumer ML, Murphy MJ. Alaskan gay males’ couple experiences of societal non-support: Coping through families of choice and therapeutic means. Contemporary Family Therapy. 2011;33(1):273-90.

Zuccarini D, Johno SM, Dalgleish TL, Makinen JA. Forgiveness and Reconciliation in Emotionally Focused Therapy for Couples: The Client Change Process and Therapist Interventions. Journal of Marital Fam Ther 2013;39(2):148-62.

Rasouli S, Soltanzadeh F. The Comparison and Relationship between Religious Orientation and Practical Commitment to Religious Beliefs with Marital Adjustment in Seminary Scholars and University Students. Journal of Family Research 2013;8 (4):427-39. (Full Text in Persian)

Ahangarcani M, Zadehmohammadi A, Heidari M, Talebi M. The relationship between marital values and religion orientation with family structure in male and female married individuals. J Res Behave Sci 2014;12(1):44-57. (Full Text in Persian)

Abdollahpur N, Moghimiazar M, GHolizadeh H, Mahdaviaghdam M, Ashrafi Z. Relationships between Religiosity and Family Function in Tabriz Azad University Student 2013;3 (7):157-74. (Full Text in Persian)

Monjezi F, Shafiabadi A, Sodani M. Effectiveness of Training Communicative Skills Based on Islamic Views on Married Couple’s Satisfaction. Knowledge & Research in Applied Psychology. 2012 (13 (1)):, 35- 47. (Full Text in Persian)

Seddighi A, Massumi A, Shahsiah M. Evaluation of the Relationship between Religious Orientation and Marital Satisfaction among Couples of Qom City. Journal of Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences. 2016;22 (6 ):85-97. (Full Text in Persian)

Zanarini MC, Bender D, Dolan R, Sainslow C, Schaefer E, Morey LC, Girlo, CM. Attainment and maintenance of reliability of axis I and II disorders; A longitudinal study. Comperhensive Psychiatry. 2001,(42):369-74.

Zanarini MC, Skodol AE , Bender D, Dolan R, Sainslow C, Schaefer E, Morey LC, Girlo CM. The collaborative longitudinal personality disorders study. Reliability of axis I and II diagnoses Journal of Personality Disorders. 2000(14):291-9.

First MB, Gibbon M. Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (clinician version) SCID-I administration booklet. Washington DC, American Psychiatric Association. 1997.

Williams JB, Gibbon M, First MB, Spitzer RL, Davies M, Borus J. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R(SCID)II. Multisite-test-retest reliability. Archivesof General Psychiatry. 1992;(49):630-6.

Martin CS, Pollock NK, Bukstein OG, Lynch KG. Inter-rater reliability of the SCID alcohol and substance use disorders section among adolescents. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2000;(59):173-77.

Gameroff MJ, Wickramaratee P, Weissman MM. Testing the Short and Screener versions of the Social Adjustment Scale–Self-report (SAS-SR). Int J Methods Psychiatr Res. 2012(21(1)):52–65.

Basir Shabestari S, Sefidi F, Sherkat Daliri H. Valuation of the Relationship between Educational Development and Social Adjustment among Qazvin dental students in 2010-11.2012 2012(6 (11)): 1-10. (Full Text in Persian)

Abdifar S. The Relationship between Social Support and the Source of Internal Control with Social Adjustment of Students. Master's degree. Tarbiat Moallem University. 1995. (Full Text in Persian)

Asghari F,ZareKhakdoost S, Entezari M. Investigating the relationship between Early Maladaptive Schemas with Marital Conflict and Instability in the Couples of Applicant of Divorce and Normal Couples. 2014;1(1):32-45. (Full Text in Persian)

Boostanipoor A, Sanaeizaker B. The Questionnaire of Marital Conflicts: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). International Journal of Psychological Studies.201;(8(1):1-8.

Salarifar M, Yonesi J, Sharifinia MH, Ghoravi M. Foundations and structure of Islamic couple therapy. 2013;(7(12):37-68. (Full Text in Persian)

Khademi M, Abedi F. Effectiveness of training communication skills based on religious teachings on optimism and marital adjustment 2014(3(10)):1-10. (Full Text in Persian)

Mahmudzadeh A, Hosseinian S, Seydahmay A, Fatehizadeh M. couple therapy Based on Islam on Marital intimacy. 2014;1(7):59-70. (Full Text in Persian)

Hamedi B, Shafiabadi A, Navabinejad SH, Delaware A. Efficacy of emotionally focused couples therapy (EFCT) on Increasing marital intimacy and Self–Efficacy in Married students. Journal of Research in Educational Management. 2013;3(4):24-58. (Full Text in Persian)

Javidi N, Soleimani A, Ahmadi Kh, Samadzadeh M. Efficacy of emotionally-focused couples therapy (EFCT) to improve family functioning. J Res Behave Sci. 2013;7(2):191-88. (Full Text in Persian)

Yoosefi N, Ghader Marzi H, Nazaripoor M. The prediction of family functioning based on spirituality. 2013;4(22):59-66. (Full Text in Persian)

Yaghobi H, Sohrabi F, Mohamd Zadah A .The effectiveness of training the communication skill and Spiritual-Religious Psychotherapy based on Islamic educating Education on decreasing apparent anxiety of students. Research in the Behavioral Sciences. 2011(2(4):7-16. (Full Text in Persian)

Fatehizadeh M, Ahmadi A, Hoseinian S, Mahmoodzadeh A. The effect of Islamic couple therapy on marital satisfaction on Isfahan city couples. 2013;1 (2): 68-94. (Full Text in Persian)

Edalati A, Redzuan M. Perception of Women towards Family Values and Their Marital Satisfaction. Journal of American Science. 2010;6(4):132-7. (Full Text in Persian)

Yeghaneh T, Shaikhmahmoodi H. Role of religious orientation in predicting marital adjustment and psychology well-being. Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Sociology Mind. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy. 2013;3(2):56-79. (Full Text in Persian)

Original Article