Spiritual Health, Family Hardiness and Family Satisfaction: A Comparison between Addicts and Non-addicts

  • Farshad Mohsenzadeh Department of Counseling, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
  • Reza GhasemiJobaneh Department of Counseling, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.
  • Shahriar Dargahi Department of Counseling, Faculty of Psychology and Educational sciences, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
  • Saeed Jalili Nikoo Department of Counseling, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
Keywords: Addiction, Family Hardiness, Family Satisfaction, Spiritual Health


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Background and Objective:Spirituality and family are two important components in determining the psychological and social damages. The purpose of this study was to compare addicts and non-addicts in terms of spiritual health, family hardiness, and family satisfaction.

Method: The present study is a causal-comparative one whose statistical population consisted of all male addicts in Dehdasht city in 2015. In the present study, 70 addicts were selected through cluster random sampling method and also 70 non-addicts who were homogeneous in terms of demographic characteristics with addicts were selected through convenience sampling. Both groups completed the spiritual health questionnaire, family hardiness index, and family satisfaction questionnaire. The gathered data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA). All ethical issues were observed in this study and the researchers declared no conflict of interests.

Results: The results showed that there was a significant difference between addicts and non-addicts. The scores of addicts on all three variables of spiritual health (religious health and existential health), family hardiness, and family satisfaction were lower than non-addicts (P<0.001).

Conclusion: It can be concluded that addicts are at disadvantage in terms of spiritual health, family hardiness, and family satisfaction compared to non-addicts. In addition, in the treatment of addiction, these variables can be included as levers in the programs.

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