The Effect of Religious Care by the Clergyman next to the Patients’ Bedside on their Depression and Anxiety

  • Sarallah Shojaei Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.
  • Mohammad Abbasi Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.
  • Tahereh Rahimi Department of Health Education and Promotion, Faculty of Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
  • Mostafa Vahedian Clinical Research Development Center, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.
  • Roohollah Farhadloo Department of Medical Emergency, Faculty of Paramedical, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.
  • Ehsan Movahed Department of Health Education and Promotion, Faculty of Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
  • Mohammad Parvaresh-Masoud Department of Medical Emergency, Faculty of Paramedical, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.
Keywords: Hospital anxiety and depression, Religious care, Clergyman, Clinical trial

Abstract

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Background and Objective: The fear of surgery, death, and the debilitating symptoms of the illness make hospitalized patients develop anxiety and depression that may disrupt their performance. Religious care aimed at addressing the religious needs of hospitalized patients can have a significant role in increasing the hospitalized patients’ ability to cope with their illness. Therefore, the researchers aimed to set up a religious-based plan and perform it by the presence of a clergy next to the patients’ bedside and determine its effectiveness on decreasing anxiety and depression of hospitalized patients.

Method: In this randomized controlled clinical trial with control group, 142 hospitalized patients were chosen in the form of random sampling in Nekoui hospital of Qom. They were divided into a test and a control group. Then, the demographic questionnaire and the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale were completed by them. The religious-based plan by the presence of a clergy next to the patients’ bedside was performed in the test group. The two groups were followed after the intervention. All ethical issues were observed in this study and the researchers declared no conflict of interests.

Results: In terms of overall score of hospital anxiety and depression, the results of ANCOVA showed a statistically meaningful difference between the two groups after the intervention (F=35.75, P<0.001). Also, the results of paired-samples t-test showed a significant decline in the anxiety and depression of hospitalized patients in the intervention group (P= 0.001). In contrast, no measurable difference was observed in the anxiety and depression scores of patients in the control group (P= 0.10, P= 0.48).

Conclusion: The presence of special medical teams like responsible clergies who are familiar with health issues and the provision of religious care can decrease patients’ anxiety and depression. Such a religious intervention also has a significant role in boosting patients’ morale and reducing their woes.

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Please cite this article as: ShojaeiS, AbbasiM, RahimiT, Vahedian M, FarhadlooR, Movahed E, Parvaresh-MasoudM. The Effect of Religious Care by the Clergyman next to the Patients’ Bedside on their Depression and Anxiety. J Res Relig Health. 2018; 4(3):45-55



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Published
2018-06-30
Section
Original Article