The effect of mixed prayer and positive psychology group therapy on life meaning and death anxiety among elderly women with physical-motor disabilities
Background and Objective: Aging and disability are two phenomena that occur in all human societies, and more than half of the world's elderly population are women, most of whom live in developing countries. Some studies have shown that spirituality plays a part in reducing the psychological problems and anxieties among the elderly. The goal of present study was to examine the effect of prayer and positive psychology group therapy on life meaning and death anxiety among elderly women with physical-motor disabilities who live in the nursing center of Tafresh.
Method: This study adopted a quasi-experimental design including a pretest and a posttest as well as an experimental and a control group. Thirty elderly females with physical-motor disabilities were selected from the nursing center of Tafresh, Arak province in 2016. Data were collected by administering the meaning of life questionnaire (MLQ) and test anxiety of death (DAS) before and after the intervention. Analysis of covariance (ANVOCA) was used for data analysis. All ethical issues were observed in this study and the authors declared no conflict of interests.
Results: Comparing the pretest and posttest conditions, significant differences were observed in the meaning of life and death anxiety overall mean scores of elderly women with physical-motor disabilities (P<0/05).
Conclusion: The results showed that mixed prayer and positive psychology group therapy increased the meaning of life and reduced death anxiety in elderly women.
Please cite this article as: Khodabakhshi-Koolaee A, Heidari F, Zangeneh Motlagh F. The effect of mixed prayer and positive psychology group therapy on life meaning and death anxiety among elderly women with physical-motor disabilities. J Res Relig Health. 2018; 4(2): 16- 28.
Abedi S, Foroughan M, Khanjani M S, Bakhshi E A, Farhadi A. Relationship Between Meaning of Life and Spiritual Well-being in the Older People Residing in Nursing Homes Shemiranat 2014. Salmand. 2016; 11(3): 456-65.)Full text in Persian(
Orbach A. counseling with older people. 3th edition ed. Tehran: Jungle; 2010.
Hosseini F, Khodabakhshi-koolaee A, Taghvaee D. Effectiveness of group film therapy on happiness and quality of life among elderly adults of Kahrizak nursing home Journal of Health Literacy. 2016; 1(2): 109-17.)Full text in Persian(
Nations U. World population ageing report; 2015.
Esmaili A, Mansouri N, Rajabi AA., editors. Offer the solutions for improving health Handicaps in urban communities. First Conference for HSE based on old ages and the Handicaps; 2015; Iran.
Khodabakhshi koolaee A, Heidari M, FalsafiNejad MR. Effect of group poetry therapy on depression and search for meaning in life among elderly dwelling at female nursing homes in Tafresh. Journal of Gerontology. 2015;3(1):55-72.)Full text in Persian(
Famil Ahmarian FS, Khodabakhshi Koolaee A, MR F. The effects of group logo-therapy on life expectancy and sleep quality in elderlies of boarding center of Tehran city Journal of Research on Religion & Health;2015. p. 8-11
Ilali E, Taraghi Z, Yazdani J, Golmohammadi M, Savasari R, Mosavi Jarrahi A. The Relationship Between Praying and Spiritual Health Among Iranian Older People With Cerebrovascular Accidents. Salmand. 2016;11(3):424-31.)Full text in Persian(
Khodabakhshi Koolaee A. Couseling and psychotherapy in disability rehabilitations (Application of theories) 4rd edition ed. Tehran: Danje; 2017.
Moberg DO. Research in spirituality, religion, and aging. Journal Of Gerontological Social Work. 2005; 45(1):11-40.
Neimeyer RA. Death Anxiety Handbook: Research, Instrumentation and Application. Washington, DC: USA.: Taylor and Fransis;2015.
Koenig HG. Research on religion, spirituality, and mental health: A review. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 2009;283: 54-91.
Dadashi Haji M. the effectiveness of prayer on heath of students of Imam Ali Military university. . Military Management Quarterly. 2011;10(40):12-38.)Full text in Persian(
Karimi A. the effectiveness of prayer and worship together on reduce anxiety in middle-age men in Isfahan. Tehran, Iran: Allameh Tabatabaii University; 2012.
Ranzijn R. Towards a Positive Psychology of Ageing: Potentials and Barriers. Australian Psychologist. 2002;37(2):50-79.
Seligman ME, Csikszentmihalyi M. Positive psychology: An introduction. American Psychologist. 2000; 55(1):5-14.
Kashaniyan F, khodabakhshi koolaee A. Effectiveness of Positive Psychology Group Interventions on Meaning of Life and Life Satisfaction among Older Adults. Elderly Health Journal. 2015; 2(1):68-74.
Westerhof G, Whitbourne S, Freeman G. The aging self in a cultural context: The relation of Conceptions of aging to identify processes and self-esteem in the United States and the Netherlands. The journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, .2011;67(1):52-60.
Ho H, Yeung D, SY K. Development and
evaluation of the positive psychology intervention for older adults. The Journal of Positive Psychology. 2014;9(3):97-187.
Khodabakhshi koolaee A, Esmaeilifar A, Falsafinejad MR. Comparison of life meaning and hopefulness between spinal cord injuries, blinds, and healthy people in Kerman-Iran. Iranian Journal of rehabilitation Nursing. 2015;1(3):54-64.)Full text in Persian(
Rajabi GR, Bohrani M. Factor Analysis of items of Death Anxiety Scale. Journal of Psychology. 2001;5(4):331-44. )Full text in Persian(
Seyedian M, Falah M, Nourouziyan M , Nejat S , Delavar A , Ghasemzadeh H. validity of the Farsi version of Mini-Mental State Examination. Medical Council Of IRI. 2008;25(4):408-14.)Full text in Persian(
Morgan JH. What to Do When there is Nothing to Do: The psychotherapeutic value of Meaning Therapy in the treatment of late life depression. Health, Culture and Society. 2013;5(1):324.
Hamid N, Vali SH. he effect of logo therapy and reading Holy Quran on Depression Interdisciplinary Quranic studies. 2012;7(3):27-38.)Full text in Persian(
Ju H., Shin J W., Kim CW, Hyun M, Park J. Meditational effect of meaning in life on the relationship between optimism and well-being in community elderly. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 2013;56(2):309-13.
Ang RP, Jiaqing O. Association between care giving, meaning in life, and life satisfaction beyond 50 in an Asian sample: Age as a moderator. Social indicators research. 2012;108(3):525-34.
Kang K, Im J, Kim H, Kim S, Song M, Sim S. The effect of logo therapy on the suffering, finding meaning, and spiritual wellbeing of adolescents with terminal cancer. Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing. 2009;15(2):136-44.
Steger MF, Mann J, Michels P, Cooper T. Meaning in life, anxiety, depression, and general health among smoking cessation patients. Journal of psychosomatic research. 2009;67(4):353-8.
Malette J., Oliver L. Retirement and existential meaning in the older adult: A qualitative study using life review. Counselling, Psychotherapy, and Health. 2006;2(1):30-49.
Latha KS. Factors related to life satisfaction, meaning of life, religiosity and death anxiety in health care staff and students: A cross sectional study from India. Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences. 2013;12(2):1-7.
Under Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (June 20, 2003), cience-research Journal of Pizhūhish dar dīn va salāmat are fully compliant with open access mandates, by publishing its articles under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). Authors retain copyright of their work and can deposit their publication in any repository. This means that articles can be freely reused by the author and others as long as the article is properly cited. Published articles in Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Journals can be deposited immediately into an online repository without any cost. This articles can be, printed, archived in a collection, included in course-packs, and distributed without restrictions. Please read the full Creative Commons License for further information.