The Comparison of Neuroticism/Psychoticism, Introversion/Extroversion and Coping Styles in Students of Families with Religious and Non-Religious Attitude

  • Somaieh Namazi Department of Consulting, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran.
  • Shiva Karimkhani Exceptional Children Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran.
  • Mariam Setaiesh Department of Psychology,The Islamic Azad University Of Bandar Abbas, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
  • Fateme Seidi Rad Department of Psychology, Semnan Payam Noor University, Semnan, Iran.
Keywords: Coping Styles, Introversion/Extroversion, Family, Neuroticism/Psychoticism, Student

Abstract

For downloading the full-text of this article please click here.

Background and Objective: The family as a social institution has an important role in children’s psychological development. This study was examined the neuroticism-psychoticism, introversion-extroversion and coping styles in Students whose families believe in religion in comparison with secular families.

Method: The present study was a causal-comparative study. The statistical population was all the middle school students in Kermanshah City, in 2016. 380 people were selected using Krejcie and Morgan table and multi-stage cluster sampling. They completed ROQ (by their parents), EPQ-AF and CISS questionnaires. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, ANOVA and Tukey tests. All ethical issues were observed. Moreover, the authors did not report conflict of interest.

Results: Correlation and analysis of variance showed that personality dimensions of neuroticism and psychoticism have negative correlation with problem-oriented coping style and avoidance coping style, positive relation  (P<0.001). Extraversion- showed positive relationship with problem oriented coping style and negative relationship with the emotion and avoidance, (P<0.001). Also, results showed that neuroticism, psychosis and extroversion were higher in non-religious people and religious people more than other people used Problem-focused coping style (P<0.001).

Conclusion: According to this study, religious belief has inhibitory role in the occurrence of mental disorders. Thus strengthening the foundations of religious beliefs in society, especially in students is an effective step in prevention.

For downloading the full-text of this article please click here.

References

Bramlett MD, Blumberg SJ. Family structure and children’s physical and mental health. Health affairs. 2007;26(2):549-58.

Chai LK, Burrows T, May C, Brain K, See DW, Collins C. Effectiveness of family-based weight management interventions in childhood obesity: an umbrella review protocol. JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports. 2016;14(9):32-9.

Shafipour Z, Sheikhi A, Mirzaei M, KazemnezhadLeili E. Parenting styles and its relation with children behavioral problems. Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2015; 25(2): 49-56.(Full Text in Persian)

Fenske JN, Petersen K. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Diagnosis and Management. American family physician. 2015; 92(10): 896-903.

Devriese J, Dhar M, Walleghem D, van West D. Hallucinations and obsessive behaviour in an infant with autism spectrum disorder: diagnostic problems. Tijdschrift voor psychiatrie. 2015;57(8):608-12.

Heidarizadeh N, Behrouz B. The Epidemiology and clinical features of obsessive beliefs and obsessive-compulsive disorder in 8-17 Year old students at Kermanshah City in 2015. Community Health journal. 2016;9(4):49-61.(Full Text in Persian)

Ahmadi AA. Personality Psychology from Islamic Perspective. Tehran: AmirKabir Publication; 2015. (Full Text in Persian)

Edgren EL. What Has Religion Got to Do With It? Critical Care Medicine. 2016;44(11):2109-10.

AbdAleati NS, Zaharim NM, Mydin YO. Religiousness and mental health: systematic review study. J Relig Health. 2016; 55(6): 1929-37.

Holmes CJ, Kim-Spoon J. Positive and negative associations between adolescents' religiousness and health behaviors via self-regulation. Religion, Brain & Behavior. 2016; 6(3): 188-206.

Koenig LB. Change and Stability in Religiousness and Spirituality in Emerging Adulthood. The Journal of genetic psychology. 2015;176(6):369-85.

Espinosa-Hernández G, Bissell-Havran J, Nunn A. The role of religiousness and gender in sexuality among Mexican adolescents. The Journal of Sex Research. 2015; 52(8): 887-97.

Zhou Y, Li D, Li X, Wang Y, Zhao L. Big five personality and adolescent Internet addiction: The mediating role of coping style. Addictive Behaviors. 2017; 64: 42-8.

Kwarta P, Pietrzak J, Miśkowiec D, Stelmach I, Górski P, Kuna P, et al. Personality traits and styles of coping with stress in physicians. Polski merkuriusz lekarski: organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego. 2016; 40(239): 301-7.

Bargiel-Matusiewicz K, Kroemeke A. Personality traits and coping styles in women with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome. Archives of medical science: AMS. 2015;11(6):1244-9.

Xu H, Mu L, Xie X. Relationship of left-behind children's mental health, coping style, personality and self-efficacy. Wei sheng yan jiu= Journal of hygiene research. 2015;44(4):559-64.

Watson D, Stasik SM, Ellickson-Larew S, Stanton K. Extraversion and psychopathology: A facet-level analysis. Journal of abnormal psychology. 2015; 124

(2): 432-46.

McCarter KL, Halpin SA, Baker AL, Kay-Lambkin FJ, Lewin TJ, Thornton LK, et al. Associations between personality disorder characteristics and treatment outcomes in people with co-occurring alcohol misuse and depression. BMC psychiatry. 2016; 16(1): 210-23.

Huguelet P, Brandt P, Mohr S. The assessment of spirituality and religiousness in patients with psychosis. L'Encephale. 2016; 42(3): 219-25.

Holmes C, Kim-Spoon J. Why are Religiousness and Spirituality Associated with Externalizing Psychopathology? A Literature Review. Clinical child and family psychology review. 2016; 19(1): 1-20.

Rice VJ, Overby C, Boykin G, Jeter A, Villarreal J, editors. How Do I Handle My Life Now? Coping and the Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist-Military Version. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting; 2014: 58(1):1252-56. SAGE Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA.

Womble MN, Labbé EE, Cochran CR. Spirituality and personality: understanding their relationship to health resilience. Psychological reports. 2013; 112(3): 706-15.

Griffith JL, Myers N, Compton MT. How can community religious groups aid recovery for

individuals with psychotic illnesses? Community mental health journal. 2016; 52(7): 775-80.

Salehi I, Mosalman M. Evaluation of the relationship between religious attitude and depression, anxiety and stress in students of Guilan University. Religion & Health. 2015; 3(1): 57-64. (Full Text in Persian)

Salmabadi M, Farahbakhsh K, Zolfaghari SH, Sadeghi M. Evaluation of the relationship between islamic lifestyle and students’ mental health at Birjand University. Religion & Health. 2015;3(1):1-10.(Full Text in Persian)

Gharibi H, Gholizadeh Z. The relationship between religious orientation and general health. Marifat Journal. 2011;103(2):88-102.(Full Text in Persian)

Sagoe D, Andreassen CS, Molde H, Torsheim T, Pallesen S. Prevalence and Correlates of Anabolic–Androgenic Steroid Use in a Nationally Representative Sample of 17-Year-Old Norwegian Adolescents. Substance use & misuse. 2015;50(2):139-47.

Rahimi Nezhad A. Adolescents form Eysenck Personality Questionnaire standardization in male and female adolescents in Tehran. Journal of Psychology & Education.33(1):29-54.(Full Text in Persian)

Dehghani S, Izadikhah Z, MohammadTaghiNasab M, Rezaei E. The Path analysis of early maladaptive schemas, coping strategies and mental quality of life. J Res Behave Sci. 2014;12(1):1-8. (Full Text in Persian)

Li X, Chi P, Sherr L, Cluver L, Stanton B. Psychological resilience among children affected by parental HIV/AIDS: a conceptual framework. Health psychology and behavioral medicine. 2015;3(1):217-35.

Demirci K, Yıldız M, Selvi C, Akpınar A. The relationship between childhood trauma and type D personality in university students. International Journal of Social Psychiatry. 2016;62(6):542-8.

Rakovec-Felser Z. The Sensetive and Fulfillment of Psychological NEEDS: Medical, Health Care and Students. Collegium antropologicum. 2015;39(3):541-50.

Tavakolli Hamed H, Towhidi A, Rahmati A. The relationship between the mothers personality traits andtheir children’s personality traits and creativity. Journal of Personality & Individual Differences. 2016;5(1):123-40.(Full Text in Persian)

Borges MdS, Santos MBC, Pinheiro TG. Social representations about religion and spirituality. Revista brasileira de enfermagem. 2015;68(4):609-16.

Lucchetti G, Ramakrishnan P, Karimah A, Oliveira GR, Dias A, Rane A, et al. Spirituality, religiosity, and health: A comparison of physicians’ attitudes in Brazil, India, and Indonesia. International journal of behavioral medicine. 2016;23(1):63-70.

Robin Dimatteo M. The Psychology of Health. Tehran: SAMT; 2016. p.760-62 .(Full Text in Persian)

Published
2017-04-12
Section
Original Article