• Logo
  • SBMUJournals

Comparison of the Social Adjustment, Self-regulation and Religious Beliefs in Addicted and Normal Women in Urmia

Esmaeil Sadri Damirchi, Nasim Mohammadi



For downloading the full-text of this article please click here.

Background and Objectives: Although there is no statistics about the exact number of addicted women in our country, but Ministry of Health reports show that there is a ratio of one woman per eight addict men. The purpose of this study is to compare the Social adjustment, Self-regulation and Religious beliefs in addicted and normal women in Urmia.

Materials & Methods: The method of this study is causal-comparative. The statistical population of this study includes all addicted and normal women in Urmia city in 2014. Among this population, 200 women (100 addicted women and 100 normal women) were selected as the sample by using the available non-random sampling method, according to Morgan table. The questionnaires of social adjustment Bell, self-regulation of Miller and Brown and religious beliefs of Klarg were used to collect data. The data were analyzed through SPSS version 20, and descriptive and inferential statistics (MANOVA). In this study, all relevant ethical issues were considered.

Results: The findings proved that there is a significant difference between the two groups in a way that normal women believe in religion more than addict ones (p<0/01).

Conclusion:Consequently, the social adjustment, self-regulation and the religious beliefs of normal women were more than addicted women. Therefore, it can be concluded that special measures should be taken to increase the social adaptation, self-regulation and religious beliefs of addicted women and to help them overcome their addiction and not turn into addiction.

Keywords:Addiction, Religious belief, Self-regulation, Social adjustment Medical, Women

For downloading the full-text of this article please click here.

Please cite this article as: Sadri Damirchi E, Mohammadi N. Comparison of the Social Adjustment, Self-regulation and Religious Beliefs in Addicted and Normal Women in Urmia. J Res Relig Health.2017;3(1): 53- 63.


Karami Nejad R, Tabatabaei Shahrbabaki Z. Comparing spiritual intelligence and attribution stules among and no addicted women. Toloo-e-behdasht. 2016; 15(1): 34-43. (Full Text in Persian)

Ashori A, Molazadeh J, Mohammadi N. The effectiveness of group therapy, cognitive-behavioral on coping skills and relapse prevention in addicted individuals. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology (thought and action). 2012; 14(3): 181-8. (Full Text in Persian)

American Psychiatric Association.Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM). 4 ed; 2013. p. 175-272

TabatabaeChehre M, Ebrahimisani E, Mortazavi H. The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral group therapy in changing irrational beliefs addicts. Journal of North Khorasan University of Medical Science 2013; 4(3): 419-30. (Full Text in Persian)

EmamHadi MA, Jalilvand M. Compare ways to reduce the tendency of students to substance abuse. Journal of Medical Council of Islamic Republic of Iran 2008; 25(4): 441-9. (Full Text in Persian)

Javadian SR. Violence and drug abuse. Journal of of Social Work. 2002; 3(10-11): 24-32. (Full Text in Persian)

Bakhshipoor A, Alilo M, Irani S. Compare features, personality disorders and coping strategies with normal group consumed. Journal of Clinical Psychology and Psychiatric Iran. 2012; 4(3): 289-79. (Full Text in Persian)

KhojastehMehr R, Abbaspour Z, Koraei A, Kochaki R. The effect of a Succeeding in School program on the academic performance, academic self-concept, attitude towards school, learning how to succeed in school and social adjustment of school students. Journal of School Psychology. 2012; 1(1): 27-45. (Full Text in Persian)

Cole J, Logan T, Walker R. Social exclusion, personal control, self-regulation, and stress among substance abuse treatment clients. Drug and alcohol dependence. 2011; 113(1): 13-20.

Purkord M, Abolghasemi A, Narimani M, Rezaee JH. Direct and Indirect Impact of Self-Efficacy, Impulsivity, Behavioral Activation-Inhibition and Social Skills on Substance Abuse in Students. Journal of Addiction Research. 2013; 7(26): 11-28. (Full Text in Persian)

Karimi H, HematiSabet A, Haghighi M, Ahmadpanah M, Mohammad Beigi M. Comparing the effectiveness of group anger management and communication skills training on aggression of marijuana addicted prisoners. Behavioral Sciences Research. 2013; 11(2): 129-38. (Full Text in Persian)

Rostami AM, Ahadi H, CheraghaliGool H. The Prediction of Coping Strategies Based on Personality Traits in Irritants Affiliates,. Journal of Addiction Research. 2013; 7(28): 111-26. (Full Text in Persian)

Abolghasemi A, Ahmadi M, Kiamarsi A. Investigate the relationship between metacognition and perfectionism with psychological outcomes in individuals addicted to drugs. Behavioral Sciences Research. 2014; 5(2): 73-9. (Full Text in Persian)

Tayebi G. Compare the self-regulation, emotional control and social exclusion in drug and psychotropic drugs, and normal people. Ardebil: University of Ardabil; 2011. (Full Text in Persian)

John OP, Robins RW, Pervin LA. Handbook of Personality Third Edition Theory and Research. New york, London: The Guilford press; 2011.

Najafi M, AhmadiSoltani M. Compare metacognitive beliefs and tolerance of ambiguity on smokers, smokers and normal. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 2010; 3(4): 59-65. (Full Text in Persian)

Wills TA, Yaeger AM, Sandy JM. Buffering effect of religiosity for adolescent substance use. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. 2003; 17(1): 24-31.

Smith C. Theorizing religious effects among American adolescents. Journal for the scientific study of religion. 2003; 42: 17-30.

Yang K-P, Mao X-Y. A study of nurses’ spiritual intelligence: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey. International journal of nursing studies. 2007; 44(6): 999- 1010.

Miller L, Davies M, Greenwald S. Religiosity and substance use and abuse among adolescents in the National Comorbidity Survey. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 2000; 39(9): 1190-7.

Richard AJ, Bell DC, Carlson JW. Individual religiosity, moral community, and drug user treatment. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion. 2000; 39(2): 240-6.

Delavar A. Educational Science and Psychology research methods. Tehran: Publication Virayesh; 2015. (Full Text in Persian)

FathiAshtiani A, Dastani M. Psychological test-evaluation personality and mental health. Tehran: Besat; 2013. (Full Text in Persian)

Aubrey L, Brown J, Miller W. Psychometric properties of a selfregulation questionnaire (SRQ). Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research. 1994; 18(2): 420-525.

Serajzadeh S. Religious attitudes and behaviors of adolescents in Tehran. Research on Index. 1999; 2(7): 105-20.

Kohsari Sh. We. Addiction, society. 1 ed. Tehran:

Institute of cultural GoharManzom; 2009. (Full Text in


Adalbjarnardottir S, Rafnsson FD. Adolescent antisocial behavior and substance use: Longitudinal analyses. Addictive behaviors. 2002; 27(2): 227-40.

King KM, Chassin L. Mediating and moderated effects of adolescent behavioral undercontrol and parenting in the prediction of drug use disorders in emerging adulthood. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. 2004; 18(3): 239.

Glassman T, Werch CC, Jobli E. Alcohol self-control behaviors of adolescents. Addictive Behaviors. 2007; 32(3): 590-7.

Merrill RM, Folsom JA, Christopherson SS. The influence of family religiosity on adolescent substance use according to religious preference. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal. 2005; 33(8): 821-36.

Klein H, Elifson KW, Sterk CE. The relationship between religiosity and drug use among “at risk” women. Journal of Religion and Health. 2006; 45(1): 40-56.


  • There are currently no refbacks.