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Correlation of spirituality and psychological well-being with pregnancy-specific stress

Taibeh Dilgony, Mahrokh Dolatian, Jamal Shams, Farid Zayeri, Zohreh Mahmoodi
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Abstract

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Background and Objectives: Pregnancy is a natural function for women, it is nonetheless a stressful experience, associated with extensive psychological and physical changes that make women psychologically vulnerable. One of the components of a healthy life is attending to spiritual needs, which can enhance quality of life and gradually reduce harmful behaviors. The present study, titled "Correlation of spirituality and psychological well-being with pregnancy-specific stress in women visiting health centers in Dehdasht township in 2015", was conducted considering the available data.

Materials and Methods: The present descriptive-correlational study recruited 450 pregnant women visiting health centers in Dehdasht township. The data were collected using personal-social, pregnancy-specific stress, and spirituality and psychological well-being questionnaires, and were analyzed in SPSS-20.

Results: The present study results showed correlations between spirituality and pregnancy stress(r=0.156) and also between psychological well-being and pregnancy stress(r=0.294). The results relating to the contribution of spirituality components in pregnancy stress showed that religious and spiritual health are able to affect pregnancy stress, and the results relating to the contribution of subscales of psychological well-being showed that purposeful life well-being and independent well-being can affect pregnancy stress(P=0.01).

Conclusion: The results showed that spirituality and psychological well-being are associated with stress during pregnancy. It is recommended due to the impact of variable both spiritual and psychological well-being in developing coping skills, stress reduction program.

Keywords: Stress, Spirituality, Psychological Well-being, Pregnancy

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