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The relationship between attachment to God with resilience and mental health among parents of children with special needs

Anahita khodabakhshi koolaee, Masoumeh Mohammad Beigi, Farshad Bahari
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Abstract

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Background and Objectives: Becoming aware of any problems, developmental delay in children exerts a considerable negative influence such as stress and anxiety on mental health parents. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to investigate the relationship between attachment to God with resilience and mental health among parents with special needs children.

Materials and Methods: This research is a descriptive correlational study. The population is comprised parents of children with special needs in Tehran, 2015. The 200 parents of children with special needs were selected in a simple random sampling. The measuring instruments are Attachment to God Inventory (Beck & McDonald, 2004), Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). Data were analyzed utilizing Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regressions.

Results: The results indicated there was a statistically significant relationship between safety haven(r=0.163), secure base (r= 0.163) and positive God perceived (r=0.277) with resilience (p<0.05). Additionally, there was a statistically significant relationship between safety haven(r=0.192), secure base (r= 0.171) and positive self-perceived (r= 0.205) (p<0.05) with general health. Also, the results of regression analysis indicated that the predictor coefficients of God perception and safety haven of resilience were 0.096 and 0.135 respectively (p<0.001). In addition, self-perception and safety haven explained 5.6 percent and 8.5 percent of mental health variance, respectively (p<0.001).

Conclusion: These findings illustrated the importance of attachment to God in prediction of resilience and mental health among parents of children with special needs.

Keywords: Attachment to God, Resilience, Mental health, Parents of children with special needs

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