Facilitators and inhibitors of full hijab by students: One qualitative study

  • Foroozan Atashzadeh-Shoorideh Department of Nursing Management, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Jamileh Mohtashami Department of Psychiatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Morteza Abdoljabbari Department of Islamic Education. Shahid Beheshti Universiti of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Marzieh Karamkhani Department of Medical Education. Medical Education School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


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Background and Objectives: Hijab as an Islamic value and divine duty is emphasized and more than ever it is necessary in university settings. The misveiling is a social phenomenon and it’s social, political and cultural aspects must be studied for understanding factors and causes. The aim of this study was to understand facilitators and inhibitors of full hijab by students.

Materials and Methods: This study is part of a grounded theory study. The data were collected by semi-structured interviews from twelve students who left their veiling, eleven students with veiling, three advisors, two Vice in Student & Cultural Affairs and three family members of students who left their veiling. The participants were selected through purposeful and theoretical sampling method and the data were analyzed simultaneously by continuously comparisons based on Corbin and Strauss 2008 method.

Results: Spiritual adherence as a facilitator of hijab by students is recognized which has three categories: ethical orientation, religion orientation and fear and hope. Doubt in believing as an inhibitor of hijab by students is abstracted which has three subcategories: escape from essence, superficial religious beliefs and inadequate religious knowledge.

Conclusion: By adherence to Spiritual, veiling can be strengthened and it can be weakened by doubts in beliefs. In order to promote of hijab, it is necessary to pay attention its underlying conditions and causes. Individual beliefs and values must be strengthened for promoting hijab.

Keywords: Facilitator, inhibitor, Full Hijab, Student, qualitative approach, Grounded theory

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