Health and disease definition according to telos of life from the perspective of religious teachings: a basis for interventions in educational medicine

  • Ata Pourabbasi Endocrinology & Metabolism Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Jalal Farzami Faculty of medical sciences, TarbiatModarres University, Tehran, Iran.
  • Mahbubeh Sadat Ebrahimnegad Shirvani Foundation for Education, Research & services in Educational Medicine & School Health, Tehran, Iran.


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The definitions of health and disease are some controversial among medicine philosophers. Some of them consider the concept of telos of life in their definitions. Among these conversations, The Islamic sources regarding the end of life are rich and usable for health definition. Obedience and move towards Allah is the ultimate goal of human life which is stated in the Qur'an. The realization of this objective requires some preparations which obtaining cognition is the first and most important of these arrangements. In this conceptual framework, health is defined as the status of body and spirit in which the effective cognition can be achieved and consequently the ultimate goal of life, worship may be provided. On the other hand cognitive functions must be assessed during observation of human behaviors and adaptation of them with defined codes of behavior explained by Allah in the form of religion instead of common psychometrics and cognitive assessment techniques.

Keywords: Health, Disease, Telos of  life, Interventions, Educational medicine

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