The effects of group logo-therapy on life expectancy and sleep quality in elderlies of boarding center of Tehran city
Background and Objectives: Hope plays an important role in coping with psychological and biological problem in different stages of life, especially in elderly stage. Therefore, the aim of current research is investigation of the efficacy of group logo-therapy in hope and sleep quality in elderlies.
Materials and Methods: This research is a quasi-experimental study with pre and post- tests. The study population was Seoul Center and 30 elderlies were selected through the criteria. They were assigned randomly to the control and experimental groups. The experimental group received logo therapies for 10 treatment sessions (75 min for each session per week). Statistical analyses were conducted by t-dependent test and analysis of covariance. The research instruments were Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Miller Hope Scale, and Mini Mental State examination.
Results: There is significantly difference in life expectancy between elderlies in pre and post test. There is not significantly difference between mean’s scores of sleep quality‘s elderlies in pre and post-tests(p<0.05).
Conclusion: The results indicated that logo-therapy has a significantly influence on increasing the hope in life among elderlies. So, it can be considered as a therapeutic intervention in psychological problems related to lack of meaning and hope in the life.
Keywords:Group Counseling, Logo-therapy, life expectancy, Sleep Quality, Elderlies
De Boer A, Ter Horst GJ, Lorist M M. Physiological and psychosocial age-related changes associated with reduced food intake in older persons. Ageing research reviews 2013; 12(1): 316-328.
Hosseinabadi R. [Influence of acupressure on sleep quality in older aging]. M.A thesis. University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation 2007.(Text in Persian)
Cotroneo A, Gareri P, Lacava R, Cabodi S. Use of zolpidem in over 75-year-old patients with sleep disorders and co morbidities. Arch Gerontology Geriatric Supply 2004; 38:93-96.
Foley D, Monjan A, Brown S, Simonsick E, Wallace R, Blaer D. Sleep complaints among elderly persons: an epidemiologic study of three communities. Sleep new York 1995;18(6):425-432.
Giganti F, Ficca G, Gori S, Salzarulo P. Body movements during night sleep and their relationship with sleep stages are further modified in very old subjects. Brain Research Bulletin 2008; 75(1): 66-69.
Wolkove N, Elkholy O, Baltzan M, Palayew M. Sleep and aging: 1. Sleep disorders commonly found in older people. Canadian Medical Association J 2007; 176(9): 1299-1304.
Harrington JJ, Avidan AY. Treatment of sleep disorders in elderly patients. Current treatment options in neurology 2005; 7(5): 339-352.
Krishnan P, Hawranik P. Diagnosis and management of geriatric insomnia: a guide for nurse practitioners. J Am Academy of Nurse Practitioners 2008; 20(12): 590-599.
Sheikhy L, Karami mattin B, Chupani J, Hookari S, Fallah B. Evaluation the status of sleep quality in elderly people in Kermanshah city. The scientific J rehabilitation medicine 2015; 3(4): 81-88.
Noubahar M, Vafaei A. Assessment of elderltes sleep disorder and different confronts method among them. Iranian J Ageing 2007; 2(4): 263-268. (Text in Persian)
Hofmann SG, Asnaani A, Vonk IJ, Sawyer AT,Fang A. The efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy: a review of meta-analyses. Cognitive therapy and research 2012; 36(5): 427-440.
Golparvar M, Bozorgmehri K, Kazemi M. Integrative relationship between retirement syndromes components with general health symptoms among retired adults. Iranian J Ageing 2011; 6 (2) :15-25. (Text in Persian)
Alexander ES, Onwuegbuzie AJ. Academic procrastination and the role of hope as a coping strategy. Personality and Individual Differences 2007; 42(7): 1301-1310.
Snyder CR. (Ed). Handbook of hope: Theory, measures, and applications. San Diego, CA: Academic Press; 2000.
Mohammadi F, Fard FD, Heidari H. Effectiveness of Logo Therapy in Hope of Life in the Women Depression. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 2014;159; 643-646. (Text in Persian)
Moosavi S, Kafi SM, Haghiri M, Ofoghi N, Atashkar SR, Abolghasemi S. Comparison of efficiency of cognitive therapy and logo therapy on the depression rate of aged men. Int J Psychology and Counselling 2012; 4(11): 143-149. (Text in Persian)
Cutcliffe JR, Grant G. What are the principles and processes of inspiring hope in cognitively impaired older adults within a continuing care environment. J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 2001:8:427–36.
Chimich WT, Nekolaichuk CL. Exploring the links between depression, integrity, and hope in the elderly. Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie 2004; 49(7): 428-433.
Robatmili S, Sohrabi F, Shahrak MA, Talepasand S, Nokani M, Hasani M. The Effect of Group Logotherapy on Meaning in Life and Depression Levels of Iranian Students. Int J Advancement of Counselling 2014; 4(11): 1-9.
Ebrahimi N, Bahari F, Zare-Bahramabadi M. The Effectiveness of Group Logo Therapy on the Hope among the Leukemic Patients. Iranian J cancer prevention 2014; 7(1): 9. (Text in Persian)
Hosseinzadeh-Khezri R, Rahbarian M, Sarichloo ME, Lankarani KB, Jahanihashemi H, Rezaee F. Evaluation effect of Logotherapy group on Mental health and hope to life of Patients with Colorectal Cancer receiving Chemotherapy. Bull. Env. Pharmacol. Life Sci 2014; 3(5): 164-169. (Text in Persian)
Morgan JH. Geriatric Logotherapy: Exploring the Psychotherapeutics of Memory in Treating the Elderly. Psychological Thought 2012; 5(2): 99-105.
Steger MF, Oishi S, Kashdan TB. Meaning in life across the life span: Levels and correlates of meaning in life from emerging adulthood to older adulthood. J Positive Psychology 2009; 4(1): 43-52.
Park N, Peterson C, Ruch W. Orientations to happiness and life satisfaction in twenty-seven nations. J Positive Psychology 2009; 4(4): 273-279.
Shojaeian M, Sodani M, Moradi F. The effectiveness of group logo therapy on the increase of life expectancy in retired men of the retirement center of Mamasani. Armaghane –danesh J 2014; 19(6): 497-506.(Text in Persian)
Aliasgharpoor M, Eybpoosh S. Quality of sleep and its correlating factors in residents of Kahrizak Nursing home. J Nursing and Mid Urmia University of Medical Sciences 2011; 5(9):374-383. (Text in Persian)
Miller JF, Powers M J. Development of an instrument to measure hope. Nursing Research 1998; 37(1): 6-10.
Hosseini M. Relationship between hope in life and hardness in female and male students. MA. Thesis. Gachsaran branch of IslamicAzad University, 2006. (Text in Persian)
Buysse D J, Reynolds CFI, Monk TH. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index: A new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Research 1989; 28(2):193–213.
Mokarami H, Kakooei H, Dehdashti A, Jahani Y, Ebrahimi H. Comparison of general health status and sleeping quality of shift workers in a car industry workshop 2008. Behbood J 2010; 14 (3): 237-243. (Text in Persian)
Folstein M, Folstein S, McHugh P. “Mini Mental State”: a practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. J Psy Research 1975; 12(3): 189-198
Foroghan M, Jafari Z, Bayan peymane Sh, Ghaem
Farahani Z, Rahgozar M. [Standardization of brief cognitive status examination of elderly in Tehran in 2008]. cognitive sciences updates 2008; 3: 29-37. (Text in Persian)
Gholami M, Pasha GH, Sodani M. Influence of teaching logotherpay in hope in life and general health between female Thalassemia disease. J Knowledge & research in applied psychology 2010; 11(42): 23-42.(Text in Persian)
Kang KA, Kim SJ, Song MK, KimM J. Effects of Logotherapy on Life Respect, Meaning of Life, and Depression of Older School-age Children. J Korean Academy of Nursing 2013; 43(1): 91-101.
Khledian M, Sohrabi F. Effectiveness of Group Logotherapy on Reducing Depression and Increasing Hope in Elderly with Empty Nest Syndrome. J clinical psychology studies 2015; 4(15): 79-104. (Text in Persian)
Zanjiran S, Borjali A, Kraskian A. Effect of group Logotherapy education on quality of life and general health in women of sanatorium. RJMS 2015; 21 (127) :39-51. (Text in Persian)
Aliabadi B. Assessing the effect of logotherapy group counselling on living hope in old population in Tehran, M.A dessertation, Islamic Azad University,Roudehen branch; 2011. (Text in Persian)
James Ligimol. [The Effect of Logotherapy on Meaning and Quality of Life of the Elderly in Old Age Homes]. MA. thesis, Christ University 2012.
Martiny C, e Silva ACDO, Neto JPS, Nardi AE. Factors associated with risk of suicide in patients with 40. hemodialysis.J Comprehensive psychiatry 2011; 52(5): 465-468.
Gall H. Logotherapeutic treatment of neurotic sleep disturbances. In International Forum for Logotherapy. Viktor Frankl Inst of Logotherapy 1983; 6(2): 1983, 92-94
Allami Z, khankeh H, Dalvandi A, ali zademohammai M, Rezasoltani P. Effect of music-therapy on quality of sleep among elderly male of the Isfahan city petroleum’s Retirement Association 2014; 1 (1) :55-63. (Text in Persian)
Ahmadi S, khankeh H, Mohammadi F, Fallahi M, Reza Soltani P. The effect of sleep restriction treatment on quality of sleep in the elders. Iranian J Ageing 2010; 5 (2) :7-15. (Text in Persian)
Dastani M, Jomheri F, Fathi-Ashtiani A, Sadeghniiat Kh, Someloo S. Effectiveness of drug therapy and behavioral therapy on chronic insomnia. J Behavioral Sciences 2011; 5 (1): 27-32. (Text in Persian)
Izadi F, Adib Hajbagheri M, Kafaei M. Determining Disturbing Factors of Sleep Quality among Hospitalized Elderly Patients in Kashan Hospitals, Iran 2009. JSSU. 2013; 20 (6) :688-698. (Text in Persian)
Orbach, A, counseling with older people, translated to Persian by Anahita khodabakhshi koolaee, Jungle publication, 3th edition, 2010,Tehran, Iran (Text in Persian)
Under Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (June 20, 2003), cience-research Journal of Pizhūhish dar dīn va salāmat are fully compliant with open access mandates, by publishing its articles under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). Authors retain copyright of their work and can deposit their publication in any repository. This means that articles can be freely reused by the author and others as long as the article is properly cited. Published articles in Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Journals can be deposited immediately into an online repository without any cost. This articles can be, printed, archived in a collection, included in course-packs, and distributed without restrictions. Please read the full Creative Commons License for further information.