The Effect of Music on Fatigue and Anxiety of Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis

Shaghyegh Haghi, Shahla Mohammad Zadeh, Marjan Vafayee



The Background and Objective:

Chronic renal failure is largely asymptomatic and requires dialysis as a time process to control it. On the other hand, because of the high prevalence, progressive maladaptive nature, it should be prevented from its progress. In addition to various physiological changes, it changes the mental, psychological and social dimensions of patients.

Fatigue and anxiety are common nursing diagnoses for hemodialysis patients. Using music as a complementary therapy and an uncomplicated, low-cost and pleasurable method can be a nursing practice in reducing these complications. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of listening to music on anxiety and fatigue in hemodialysis patients.

The materials and methods:

In this clinical trial, 25 patients as a group of before and after were randomly selected to participate in the study. Patients listened to music for 30 minutes three times per week (12 sessions) during dialysis treatment in a month. Data was collected using three questionnaires: 1- Researcher made for Demographic Information 2- Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) 3- Questionnaire of Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) that was collected by a researcher by interviewing method. Data was expressed as means ± standard deviations. Data were statistically analyzed using the SPSS statistical software, version ?. Paired t- test were used to compare means between before and after group. The level of significance was set at p < 0.05.


The mean anxiety score of the patients before intervention was 19.6%, indicating a moderate level of anxiety and the mean anxiety score was 14.48 after intervention. The mean fatigue score fell from 36.8 to 31.2, and remained at moderate levels of fatigue. These reductions were significant (P <0.05).


The results of this study showed that the use of music as a complementary therapy is effective on reducing the anxiety and fatigue of patients undergoing hemodialysis and its utilization along with other therapeutic interventions is recommended.


Music, fatigue, anxiety, hemodialysis

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Print ISSN: 2383-3750
Electronic ISSN: 2538-399x