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A comparison of the Objective Structured Clinical/ Practical Examination (OSCE/OSPE) Scores of the Biochemistry Laboratory Obtained by Male and Female Nursing Students of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences: 2011-15

Saeedeh Hosseini, Jacqueline Vartanoosian, Fatemeh Hosseini, Zhila Faridi
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Abstract

Abstract
Introduction: The Objective Structured Clinical/Practical Examination (OSCE/OSPE)
is one of the best assessment methods for measuring the students’ realization of their
educational goals in cognitive, emotional, and psychomotor domains. Given that gender
may influence the evaluation of medical sciences examinations, the present study was
conducted to compare the female and male nursing students of Shahid Beheshti University
of Medical Sciences during years 2011 to 2015 in terms of their OSCE/OSPE scores for the
biochemistry laboratory.
Methods: This study had a comparative descriptive design. All of the students participated
in this study from 2011 to 2015 (census). Over these four years, 649 students took
this examination and their scores were recorded. The data collection tools included a
demographic information questionnaire and a researcher-made checklist. Pearson’s
Correlation Coefficient was calculated for determining both the criterion validity and the
internal consistency (r = 0.732). The Pearson correlation coefficient confirmed the testretest
reliability of the test (r = 0.88). The data were analyzed using the SPSS-22 software
with descriptive statistics, the independent t-test, the one- way Analysis of Variance
(ANOVA), and Scheffe’s post-hoc test.
Results: The scores of 361 female students and 288 male students were assessed in this
study. The mean score was 11.6 ± 1.83 in female students and 11.2 ± 1.75 in male students
(out of 14). The difference between the female and male students’ OSCE/OSPE scores in
biochemistry laboratory skills was significant (P = 0.02). Comparing the mean scores of
the female and male students in biochemistry laboratory skills according to OSCE/OSPE
by year of admission showed a significant difference between the genders in the students
admitted to the school during year 2012 (P = 0.01). There were also significant differences
between the age groups of < 20 and 25-29 and the other age groups in terms of the mean
OSCE/OSPE scores (P < 0.05).
Conclusions: There was a significant difference between the two genders in the mean
crude scores obtained and the female students had slightly higher scores. Future studies are
recommended to investigate the students of other disciplines, academic levels, and schools
to improve the generalizability of these findings.

Keywords

OSCE/OSPE score, biochemistry laboratory, female and male students

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/anm.v27i3.17371