The Survey of Independency Status Living in Elderly Referring to Tehran Civil Servants Pension Organization in 2015

Leila Akbarzadeh, Roghayeh Esmaeili, Ali Darvishpoor Kakhki, Malihe Nassiri, Fatemeh Estebsari

Abstract


180

Abstract

Introduction: elderly is one of the most sensitive ages in everyone’s life, thus regarding the everyday growth of the elderly population, caring for this vulnerable part of society is a necessity. Having in mind the confronting limitations in this era and lack of flexibility with environment, as well as decreasing independency status in the elderly, this study aims at evaluatin the amount of independent living in the elderly referring to Tehran Civil Servants Pension Organization (C.S.P.O) in 2015.

Methods and Materials: This descriptive study was conducted on 260 elderly people referring to Tehran Civil Servants Pension Organization. Samples are selected via sapling method available in Civil Servants. The obtained data in this study were collected by standard questionnaire, including demographic characteristics and physical activity questionnaire in two sections, i.e. Activity Daily Living and Instrumental Activity Daily Living. After completing two questionnaires, the obtained data were analyzed using SPSS (ver. 23) through descriptive statistics, independent t-test, as well as One-way Anova.

Results: The total mean score of age for the studied objects was 68.08 ± (7.63) years. The total mean score of independence in this group of elderly people has been independent (ADL= 13.61±1.14 & IADL= 14.77±3.79). Moreover, the total mean score of independence living in elderly with aging 60-74 years with incomes above 750 to 1 million dollars per month and the elderly with married, were higher.

Discussion And Conclusion: elderly is a normal stage in the normal path of life for human beings, which is very different from other life stages. In general with increasing age decrease the level of independent living, and consequently the degree of dependence on others increases in the elderly. Also the elderly married who lives with wife and children and have better economic situation are more independent than the other. furthermore the obtained data in the current study and other studies reveals that the elderly people have the highest amount of independence in Activity Daily Living such as eating and sleeping, and Instrumental Activity Daily Living such as taking medicine and using telephone.


Keywords


Elderly; Aging; Independent life; ADL; IADL;

Full Text:

PDF

12

References


Aghamolaei T, Hasani T. Communication barriers among nurses and elderly patients. Journal of Hormozgan University of Medical Science. (2010); 14(4): 312-318 [Article in Persian]

Momeni KH, Karimi H. Comparison of mental health in elderly that live and no-live in nursing home in Kermanshah. Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Science. (2010); 14(4): 328-335 [Article in Persian]

Miller M, Rejeski W, Reboussin B & et al. Physical Activity, Functional Limitations, and Disability in Older Adults. American Geriatrics Society. (2000); 48(10): 1265-1272

Jaspers L, Daan N & et al. Health in middle-aged and elderly women: A conceptual framework for healthy menopause. Maturitas. (2015); 81(1): 93-98

Maia F, Duarte Y, Lebrao M & Santos J. Risk factors for mortality among elderly people. Rev Saúde Pública. (2006); 40(6): 1-7

Esmaeili Shahmirzadi S, Shojaeizadeh D, Azam K, Tol A. A Survey on Quality of Life in the Elderly with Osteoporosis. Journal Of Health System Research. (2012); 8(7): 1180-1188 [Article in Persian]

Wada T, Ishine M & et al. Depression, activities of daily living, and quality of life of community-dwelling elderly in three Asian countries: Indonesia, Vietnam, and Japan. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. (2005); 41(3): 271-280

Namadmalan M, Shahry P, Ghasemzadeh R, Haghighzadeh M. Evaluation of care dependency among elderly residents of nursing homes in Ahvaz city in 2012. Scientific-Research Journal of Shahed University. 2014; 21(109): 1-11 [Article in Persian]

Sadrosadat J, Hooshiary Z, Sadrosadat L. Manufacture and standard rating scale of measuring the stressors in elderly. Iranian Journal of Aging. (2013); 8(28): 24-31 [Article in Persian]

Davies s, Eliis L, Laker S. Promoting autonomy and independence for older people within nursing practice: an observational study. Journal of Clinical Nursing. (2000); 9(1): 127-136

Covinsky K, Palmer R & et al. Loss of Independence in Activities of Daily Living in Older Adults Hospitalized with Medical Illnesses: Increased Vulnerability with Age. American Geriatrics Society. (2003); 51(4): 451- 458

Tavafian s, Aghamolaei T, Moeini B. Functional independence level of physical activities in elderly people: a populationbased study. Journal of the Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research, Payesh. (2014); 13(4): 449-456 [Article in Persian]

Moeini B, Barati M, Jalalian F. Factors associated with the functional independence level in older adults. Journal of Hormozgan University of Medical Science. (2011); 15(4): 318-326 [Article in Persian]

Rezhe N, Heravi M, Montazeri A, Forooghan M, Psychometric properties of the Persian version questionnaire of knowledge about Facts on Aging Quiz (FAQI). Journal of the Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research, Payesh. (2012); 11(2): 245-251 [Article in Persian]

Masumi N, Jafroudi SH, Ghanbari A. Assessment of retired elderly’s people autonomy and its affecting factors in Rasht. Journal of Gilan University of Medical Science. (2011); 21(65): 46-51 [Article in Persian]

Maghsoudi A, Mohammadi F, Salimi S & et al. The association between health promoting behaviors and quality of life inthe elderly people of Ewaz, 2014-2015. Journal of Mashhad University of Medical Science, (Navid No Journal). (2016); 19(61): 16-23

Shahbazi MR, Mirkhani M, Hatamizadeh N, Rahgozar M. Assessment of disability in Tehran

elderly people. Elderly. (2009); 3(910): 81 – 89 [Article in Persian]

Adib Haj Bagheri M. Evaluate the disability and associated factors among the elderly in Kashan in 2008. Iranian Journal of Ageing. (2010); 3(8): 547-555 [Article in Persian].

Darvishpoor Kakhki A, Abed Saeedi J. Factors related to Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) of elderly people in Tehran. Advances in Nursing & Midwifery. (2013); 23(82): 8-16 [Article in Persian].

Hanaoka C, Norton E. Informal and formal care for elderly persons: How adult children’s characteristics affect the use of formal care in Japan. Social Science & Medicine. (2008); 67: 1002-1008




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/anm.v28i2.17157

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Print ISSN: 2383-3750
Electronic ISSN: 2538-399x