The Impact of Training on Medication Error Rate of the Emergency Department in Hospitals Affiliated to Golestan University of Medical Sciences
Advances in Nursing & Midwifery,
Vol. 27 No. 4 (2018),
22 July 2018
Introduction: Medication errors are the most common type of medical errors that can
cause serious problems for public health and are considered a threat to patient safety.
This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of patient safety training
on nurses’ medication errors at the emergency department of a hospital of Golestan
Province in Iran.
Methods: The present quasi-experimental study was conducted from March to
September 2016. The study population consisted of nurses working at a hospital
affiliated to Golestan University of Medical Sciences and a sample of 40 nurses at
the emergency department of this hospital were selected through a census. The
data collection tools used included a demographic questionnaire and Wakefield’s
Medication Error questionnaire for nurses (consisting of 21 domains), which were
used once their reliability was confirmed. A patient safety training program was
designed and implemented for the selected emergency nurses in the form of a twoday
workshop. The obtained data were analyzed using the SPSS-18 software with the
Results: Results showed that the rate of medication errors (80.62%) of nurses were
at a low level. The majority of nurses (80.62%) scored low in terms of the frequency
of medication errors; after the training, a significantly greater number of nurses scored
low in terms of this index (90.31%; P < 0.001). The analyses showed the effectiveness
of the patient safety training program for nurses in the two domains of wrong time
error and missed dose error (P < 0.001); however, the training had no significant effects in the other domains.
Conclusions: As patient safety training can be effective on nurses’ medication errors,
retraining courses on safe medication administration are necessary regarding nurses’
significant role in the prevention of medication errors.
- Medication Errors
- Emergency Department
- Effectiveness of Training
- Patient Safety
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